Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky, Brian Marker

Drilling

  • Zeynal Abiddin ErgulerEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73568-9_95

Synonyms

Augering; Boring; Punch

Definition

Drilling is an excavation process of rocks and soils in cylindrical form that requires special tools to provide direct access to geological, geotechnical, geochemical characteristics of corresponding geomaterials for different geological activities. These geological activities can involve the exploration on type and distribution of mineral deposits, extraction of rocks/soils to provide detail on their physical, mineralogical, and mechanical properties for geotechnical projects, efforts to reach oil, shale gas, and geothermal resources and other aims.

Introduction

In parallel with population growth, societal development, and urban spread, the demand for basic requirements such as food, water, and energy has increased rapidly at accelerating speeds. To meet these requirements, particularly to provide water, salt, other mineral deposits as well as hydrocarbon resources, many technological advances have been developed in the methodologies of...

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geological EngineeringDumlupinar UniversityKütahyaTurkey