Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky, Brian Marker

Catchment

  • Jerome V. De GraffEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73568-9_46

Definition

A catchment is an area on the earth’s surface where runoff from rainfall or snowmelt and groundwater discharge from springs and seeps is collected at the same discharge point. In a natural setting, the catchment area is equivalent to a drainage basin (Langbein and Iseri 1960). The water collected within a catchment may be discharged as stream flow into another stream or a body of water. A watershed is one or more catchments discharging to the same downgradient point. Determining the boundaries of a specific catchment uses topographic map or digital terrain model data to find where water would flow inward and downgradient to a particular catchment rather than into an adjacent one. The size of delineated natural catchments is controlled by the physical character of the landscape and the purpose for identifying the component catchments within a watershed. Within the built environment, a catchment would also include runoff from impermeable surface such as roofs and paved areas...
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References

  1. Langbein WB, Iseri KT (1960) General introduction and hydrologic definitions. In: Manual of Hydrology: Part 1. General Surface-Water Techniques, U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 1541-A. Available at http://water.usgs.gov/wsc/glossary.html. Accessed 7 Dec 2015
  2. New York State (2010) Stormwater management design manual. http://www.dec.ny.gov/docs/water_pdf/swdm2010entire.pdf. Accessed 7 Dec 2015
  3. Pullar D, Springer D (2000) Towards integrating GIS and catchment models. Environ Model Softw 15:451–459CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. San Diego County (2003) San Diego County hydrology manual http://www.sandiegocounty.gov/dpw/floodcontrol/floodcontrolpdf/hydro-hydrologymanual.pdf. Accessed 7 Dec 2015
  5. Schmitt TG, Thomas M, Ettrich N (2004) Analysis and modeling of flooding in urban drainage systems. J Hydrol 299:300–311CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Science and Mathematics, Department of Earth and Environmental SciencesCalifornia State UniversityFresnoUSA