Dimension stone; Natural stone
Building stone is a generic term referring to all naturally occurring rock (natural stone as defined by BSI 2002) used in the building construction industry, including a wide variety of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks. If after quarrying, the rock has been selected and cut to specific sizes and shapes, it is referred as dimension stone (ASTM 2016).
The availability and durability of stones has made them a major contributor to the legacy of human history. Stones were widely used as structural elements, mostly as irregularly shaped large blocks usually closely fitted (without binders), in the construction of temples, monuments, fortifications, aqueducts, bridges, and housing.
- American Society for Testing and Material (2012) C1528–12 standard guide for selection of dimension stone. ASTM, West Conshohocken, 7 pGoogle Scholar
- American Society for Testing and Material (2016) C119–16 standard terminology relating to dimension stone. ASTM, West Conshohocken, 7 pGoogle Scholar
- BSI – British Standard Institution (2002) BS EN 12670: natural stone – terminology. BSI, London, 49 pGoogle Scholar
- Ingham J (2011) Geomaterials under the microscope: a colour guide, 1st edn. CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, 192 pGoogle Scholar