Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky, Brian Marker

Building Stone

  • Maria Heloisa Barros de Oliveira FrascáEmail author
  • Cid Chiodi Filho
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73568-9_37


Dimension stone; Natural stone


Building stone is a generic term referring to all naturally occurring rock (natural stone as defined by BSI 2002) used in the building construction industry, including a wide variety of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks. If after quarrying, the rock has been selected and cut to specific sizes and shapes, it is referred as dimension stone (ASTM 2016).

The availability and durability of stones has made them a major contributor to the legacy of human history. Stones were widely used as structural elements, mostly as irregularly shaped large blocks usually closely fitted (without binders), in the construction of temples, monuments, fortifications, aqueducts, bridges, and housing.

Due to the development and technological improvement of tools and machinery building stones are now quarried in large scale as regularly shaped blocks that can be cut into a wide choice of slab thicknesses and sizes (Fig. 1) and can receive several...
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  1. American Society for Testing and Material (2012) C1528–12 standard guide for selection of dimension stone. ASTM, West Conshohocken, 7 pGoogle Scholar
  2. American Society for Testing and Material (2016) C119–16 standard terminology relating to dimension stone. ASTM, West Conshohocken, 7 pGoogle Scholar
  3. BSI – British Standard Institution (2002) BS EN 12670: natural stone – terminology. BSI, London, 49 pGoogle Scholar
  4. Ingham J (2011) Geomaterials under the microscope: a colour guide, 1st edn. CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, 192 pGoogle Scholar
  5. Winkler EM (1997) Stone in architecture: properties, durability, 3rd edn. Springer, Berlin, 313 pCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Heloisa Barros de Oliveira Frascá
    • 1
    Email author
  • Cid Chiodi Filho
    • 2
  1. 1.MHB Geological ServicesSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Kistemann and Chiodi – Consultancy and ProjectsBelo HorizonteBrazil