Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky, Brian Marker


  • Vasant Matsagar
  • Saeid Eslamian
  • Kaveh Ostad-Ali-AskariEmail author
  • Mohammad Raeisi
  • George Lee
  • Sona Pazdar
  • Aida Bagheri-Basmenji
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73568-9_35




A raised structure that allows the movement of vehicles or pedestrians over an obstacle.


For millennia bridges have been used to cross barriers, typically a river, stream, or valley, by using locally available materials, such as stones, and timber. Originally, cut trees were simply placed across streams to allow crossing. Later, pieces of wood were lashed together to make improvements in functionality of the bridges. Such bridges are known as frame bridges. Since these early times bridge engineering has evolved into a major discipline in itself; one that benefits from the advances made in other engineering disciplines, such as engineering geology, water resources engineering, geotechnical engineering, and structural engineering. Based on these disciplines, modern bridge engineering mainly deals with (a) planning, (b) analysis, (c) design, (d) construction, (e) maintenance, and (f) rehabilitation.

In modern society, bridges facilitate surface...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vasant Matsagar
    • 1
  • Saeid Eslamian
    • 2
  • Kaveh Ostad-Ali-Askari
    • 3
    Email author
  • Mohammad Raeisi
    • 5
  • George Lee
    • 6
  • Sona Pazdar
    • 7
  • Aida Bagheri-Basmenji
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology (IIT) DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Water EngineeringIsfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran
  3. 3.Department of Civil Engineering, Isfahan (Khorasgan) BranchIslamic Azad UniversityIsfahanIran
  4. 4.Department of Water Resources EngineeringTabriz UniversityTabrizIran
  5. 5.Department of Civil Engineering, Khomeinishahr BranchIslamic Azad UniversityKhomeinishahr/IsfahanIran
  6. 6.Institute of Bridge EngineeringUniversity at BuffaloNew YorkUSA
  7. 7.Civil Engineering DepartmentAghigh UniversityShahinshahr/IsfahanIran