Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky, Brian Marker

Rock Coasts

  • Allan Williams
  • Enzo PranziniEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73568-9_315


A rocky coast is one “ that is cliffed and yet composed of consolidated material irrespective of its hardness” (Sunamura 1992, p. 2), that is, it ranges from very hard rock coasts (e.g., granite, basalt) to soft cohesive fluvial or glacial deposits, and they represent some 75% of the world’s coastlines. Erosion on such coasts is irreversible and is a function of wave energy and rock strength (Fig. 1). They are usually high, and consequently there is an inherent danger for injury or even death to coastal visitors, so good signage is important (Fig. 1).
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Architecture, Computing and EngineeringUniversity of WalesSwanseaUK
  2. 2.CICA NOVANova Universidad de LisboaLisbonPortugal
  3. 3.Department of Earth ScienceUniversity of FlorenceFlorenceItaly