Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky, Brian Marker

Rock Field Tests

  • Yonathan AdmassuEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73568-9_242

Definition

Rock field tests as discussed here do not refer to tests performed with portable devices that can be used in the field such as the Schmidt hammer or the point load test device. Rock field tests only refer to tests that have to be performed on the ground surface, underground openings, and boreholes to characterize deformability and in situ stress. The following is a summary of International Society for Rock Mechanics (ISRM)-suggested methods for rock field tests (Ulusay and Hudson 2007).

Introduction

Designing subsurface or on-surface civil engineering structures requires a sound knowledge of rock mass deformability and in situ stress of rock mass. Both deformability and in situstress are controlled by discontinuities in rock and tectonic (paleo or active) stress at the site of proposed construction. Therefore, it is necessary to devise field-testing methods that can be performed inside underground openings, inside boreholes, and on the ground surface. Deformability of a...

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References

  1. Coulson J (1979) Suggested methods for determining in situ deformability of rock. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 16(3):195–214Google Scholar
  2. Haimson B, Cornet F (2003) ISRM suggested methods for rock stress estimation—part 3: hydraulic fracturing (HF) and/or hydraulic testing of pre-existing fractures (HTPF). Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 40(7):1011–1020Google Scholar
  3. Kim K, Franklin J (1987) Suggested methods for rock stress determination. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci Geomech Abstr 24(1):53–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  6. Sjöberg J, Christiansson R, Hudson J (2003) ISRM suggested methods for rock stress estimation—part 2: overcoring methods. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 40(7):999–1010Google Scholar
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  8. Ulusay R, Hudson J (2007) The complete ISRM suggested methods for rock characterization, testing and monitoring: 1974–2006. International Society for Rock Mechanics, Commission on Testing Methods, ISRM Turkish National Group, AnkaraGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geology and Environmental ScienceJames Madison UniversityHarrisonburgUSA