Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky, Brian Marker

Residual Soils

  • Isabel M. R. DuarteEmail author
  • Carlos M. G. Rodrigues
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73568-9_237

Synonyms

Alteration products; Lateritic soils; Saprolites; Weathering products

Definition

Residual soil is the material resulting from the in situ weathering of the parent rock.

Residual soils are distributed throughout many regions of the world, such as Africa, South Asia, Australia, Southeastern North America, Central and South America, and considerable regions of Europe. The largest areas and thickness of these soils occur normally in humid tropical regions, such as Brazil, Nigeria, South India, Singapore, and the Philippines.

Characteristics

According to Duarte (2002), the diversity exhibited by residual soils is due, not so much to the lithology of the original rock, but mainly to external factors such as climate, topography, and vegetation cover; factors that provide distinctive weathering processes and, consequently, distinctive weathering products – the residual soils. At the first International Conference on Tropical Residual Soils, it was proposed to divide such soils into...

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References

  1. Blight GE (1997) In: Blight GE, Technical committee 25 on the properties of Tropical and Residual Soils of the International Society for Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering (eds) Mechanics of residual soils. Balkema, RotterdamGoogle Scholar
  2. Brand EW, Phillipson HB (1985) In: Technical committee 25 on the properties of Tropical and Residual Soils of the International Society for Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering (ed) Sampling and testing of residual soils. A review of international practice. Scorpion Press, Hong KongGoogle Scholar
  3. Duarte IMR (2002) Solos residuais de rochas granitóides a Sul do Tejo. Características geológicas e geotécnicas [Residual soils of granitoid rocks to south of the Tagus River. Geological and geotechnical characteristics]. (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, in Portuguese). University of Évora, Évora, PortugalGoogle Scholar
  4. Gomes CF (1988) Argilas. O que são e para que servem. [Clays. What they are and what they are for]. Gulbenkian Foundation, LisboaGoogle Scholar
  5. Townsend FC (1985) Geotechnical characteristics of residual soils. J Geotech Eng 111(1):77–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Vaughan PR (1988) Characterising the mechanical properties of in-situ residual soil. In: Proceedings of the II international conference on geomechanics in tropical soils, Singapore, vol 2, pp 469–487Google Scholar
  7. Wesley LD (2010) Fundamentals of soil mechanics for sedimentary and residual soils. Wiley, New JerseyGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isabel M. R. Duarte
    • 1
    Email author
  • Carlos M. G. Rodrigues
    • 2
  1. 1.GeoBioTec Research Centre (UID/GEO/04035/2013), Department of Geosciences, School of Sciences and TechnologyUniversity of ÉvoraÉvoraPortugal
  2. 2.CONSTRUCT Institute of R&D in Structures and Construction (UP), School of Technology and ManagementPolytechnic Institute of Guarda (IPG)GuardaPortugal