Reservoirs are typically artificial water bodies that are constructed behind a dam or they are natural water storage entities such as lakes and rivers that are used for different purposes including drinking, irrigation, and industry.
Water is recognized as the most important factor for economic and social development in developed and less developed countries around the world. Given that there is an inconsistency between the rainfall seasons and high water demand in arid and semi-arid regions, groundwater resources are the primary water source to satisfy various water demands. Surface water reservoirs are constructed to collect and store water during seasons of high rainfall and river flow when there is relatively lower water uses.
Due to water-related problems around the world and the potential for severe drought conditions in the future, proper design of new water reservoirs as well as the utilization and conservation of current reservoirs are crucial. A dam is...
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