Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky, Brian Marker

Pipes/Pipelines

  • Richard GuthrieEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73568-9_222

Synonyms

Conduit; Pipeline network; Tube

Definition

A long system of pipes, typically metal but which can be made of plastics or composite fibers, used to convey natural gas, oil, water, and related liquids across long distances in isolation from the environment, either above or below ground (but the latter is most common), and in which flow is controlled by a series of valves, pumps, and control devices along the network.

Introduction

The global pipeline network is vast, covering millions of kilometers of geology and terrain while transporting essential liquid goods within and between nations and to users around the world. In doing so, pipelines are exposed to more geological conditions than almost any other infrastructure resource, except perhaps roads and railways. In urban environments, pipes and pipelines distribute everything from water and sewage to gas. Pipe segments convey water beneath roadways as culverts and perform a critical part of the storm water drainage systems of a...

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References

  1. Borsetto M, Frassoni A, La Barbera G, Fanelli M, Giuseppetti G, Mazza G (1991) An appliation of Voight empirical model for the prediction of soil and rock instabilities. In: Bell DH (ed) Proceedings of 7th international symposium on landslides, Christchurch. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp 335–341Google Scholar
  2. Guthrie RH (2011) Mactung mine access road overview assessment (part B): a comparison of existing and proposed routes. Hemmera Envirochem Inc., VancouverGoogle Scholar
  3. Porter M, Ferris G, Leir M, Leach M, Haderspock M (2016) Updated estimates of frequencies of pipeline failures caused by geohazards (IPC2016–64085). In: Proceedings of the 2016 11th international pipeline conference, IPC2016. ASME, CalgaryGoogle Scholar
  4. Voight B (1989) A relation to describe rate-dependent material failure. Science 243:200–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geohazards and GeomorphologyStantecCalgaryCanada