Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky, Brian Marker

Metamorphic Rocks

  • Eliane Aparecida Del LamaEmail author
  • Maria Heloisa Barros Oliveira de Frascá
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73568-9_198

Definition

Rocks derived from other pre-existing rocks that, in the course of geological processes, have undergone mineralogical, chemical, and structural changes in the solid state, in response to the changes in physical and chemical conditions existing at depth.

Formation of Metamorphic Rocks

Metamorphism is a process in which pre-existing rocks are transformed into other rocks by increases in temperature and pressure causing changes in the mineral association, texture, and structure. Note that these changes take place in the solid state.

The composition of the rock resulting from a metamorphic process depends essentially on the original composition, the conditions of temperature and pressure, and the presence and activity of fluids. The metamorphic processes range from recrystallization, which involves the increase in size and/or the change in the external form of the original minerals, to metamorphic reactions that result in the development of new minerals in stable equilibrium...

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References

  1. Bucher K, Frey M (1994) Petrogenesis of metamorphic rocks. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  2. Philpotts AR (1989) Petrography of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Prentice Hall, Englewood CliffsGoogle Scholar
  3. Winter JD (2010) Principles of igneous and metamorphic petrology. Pearson, New JerseyGoogle Scholar
  4. Yardley BWD (1989) An introduction to metamorphic petrology. Longman earth science series. Longman, HarlowGoogle Scholar
  5. Yardley BWD, Mackenzie WS, Guilford C (1990) Atlas of metamorphic rocks and their textures. Longman Scientific & Technical, HarlowGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eliane Aparecida Del Lama
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maria Heloisa Barros Oliveira de Frascá
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of GeosciencesUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.MHB Geological ServicesSão PauloBrazil