Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky, Brian Marker

Mechanical Properties

  • Robert (H. R. G. K.) HackEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73568-9_197


Physical properties that determine the behavior of ground that is under mechanical stress.

Mechanical properties of ground determine the behavior of the ground under stress in a mechanical way; for example, settlement of ground under a foundation, subsidence due to underground excavation or extraction of gases and fluids, tunnel and slope stability, and “breaking” of rock or cemented soils. Deformation is the change in volume or shape of ground under stress in which rheology and viscosity may be important. Strength commonly denotes a stress condition at which the ground fails (breaks) when a threshold in stress conditions is exceeded. Constitutive models are the aggregate term for relations that describe the chemical-physical-mechanical behavior of ground.

Ground materials are diverse and may be gases, fluids, solids (i.e., minerals, grains, and aggregates of grains or minerals) and any mixture of these and also include man-made ground, such as fills and waste dump...

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Engineering Geology, ESA, Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC)University of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands