Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky, Brian Marker

Marine Environments

  • Brian R. MarkerEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73568-9_195

Synonyms

Abyssal environments; Coastal; Continental shelf; Ocean floor; Oceanic island

Definition

Marine environments are those in the World’s Seas and Oceans below mean high tide mark.

Marine environments relate to the morphology of near shore, off shore, and deep water zones of the ocean. Current classifications focus mainly on marine topography, habitats, and fisheries rather than engineering characteristics (Fig. 1).
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References

  1. Erickson J (1996) Marine geology: undersea landforms and life forms, Changing earth series. Facts on File Inc., New York, p 243. ISBN 10-08160-3354-4Google Scholar
  2. Hedgepeth J (1957) Classification of marine environments. In: Ladd JW, Ladd HS (eds) Treatise on marine ecology and paleoecology. volume 1: Ecology. Geological Society of America Memoir No. 67. Geological Society of America, Boulder, pp 17–28. https://doi.org/10.1130/MEM67V1-1957 p17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Seibold E, Berger WH (1994) The sea floor: an introduction to marine geology. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg. ISBN 0-387-56884-0Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LondonUK