Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky, Brian Marker

Geotextiles

  • Saeid Eslamian
  • Majedeh Sayahi
  • Kaveh Ostad-Ali-AskariEmail author
  • Sayedeh Zahra Hosseini-Teshnizi
  • Sayed Alireza Zareei
  • Niloofar Salemi
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73568-9_140

Synonyms

Filter fabric

Definition

Permeable fabrics which, when used in association with soil, have the ability to separate, filter, reinforce, protect, or drain. The term “filter fabric” is more expressive, but it has fallen into comparative disuse. Geotextiles are really fabric materials used in a “geo,” that is an Earth-related, engineering context.

The Classification of Geotextiles

There are two principal geotextile or structure types: woven and nonwoven. Other manufacturing techniques, for example knitting and stitch bonding, are occasionally used in the manufacture of specialty products (The Bombay Textile Research Association 2012) (Fig. 1).
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References

  1. Mohan RK, Nair CGR (2005) Geotextile applications. In: Schwartz ML (ed) Encyclopedia of coastal science, Encyclopedia of Earth science series. Springer, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  2. Müller WW, Saathoff F (2015) Geosynthetics in geo-environmental engineering. Sci Technol Adv Mater 16(3):034605CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. The Bombay Textile Research Association (2012) Handbook of geotextiles, IndiaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saeid Eslamian
    • 1
  • Majedeh Sayahi
    • 1
  • Kaveh Ostad-Ali-Askari
    • 2
    Email author
  • Sayedeh Zahra Hosseini-Teshnizi
    • 1
  • Sayed Alireza Zareei
    • 2
  • Niloofar Salemi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Water EngineeringIsfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran
  2. 2.Department of Civil Engineering, Isfahan (Khorasgan) BranchIslamic Azad UniversityIsfahanIran
  3. 3.Civil Engineering DepartmentIsfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran