Advertisement

Changes in Population Structure by Mother Tongue in East Serbia in the Last Century

  • Rastislav StojsavljevićEmail author
  • Dajana Bjelajac
  • Bojan Djerčan
Living reference work entry

Abstract

East Serbia is a region in Serbia that consists of 9 districts and 53 municipalities. It borders Central Serbia, Kosovo and Metohija to the west, Vojvodina to the northwest, and has international borders with Romania to the north and northeast, Bulgaria to the east, and the Former Yugoslav Republic (FYR) of Macedonia to the south. According to the 2011 Census, it has 1,563,916 residents. It is distinguished by having a variety of different national minorities and several mother tongues beside official Serbian (Vlach, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Roma, Romanian, etc.). Population censuses began in 1921 and continued to 1931, 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002, and 2011. This chapter discusses the changing numbers of people who declared Serbian as their mother tongue. During the Cold War (1945–1990) and the existence of the Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia many inhabitants were identified as speaking the Yugoslavian (Serbian) language. Of course, political issues should not be underestimated, especially during the last two decades among the Albanian population in this region and their boycott of the census. Those decisions provided a different picture of the mother tongue structure in municipalities where this minority lived. We will discuss present and future changes in the mother tongue structure as well as related contemporary challenges.

Keywords

East Serbia Mother tongue Census of population 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This work is part of the project “Ethnic Groups of Vojvodina in 21st century – situation and perspective of sustainability” (No. 142-451-2490/2018-01) funded by Provincial Secretariat for Higher Education and Scientific Research.

References

  1. Babović, S., Lović Obradović, S., & Prigunova, I. (2016). Depopulation of villages in Southeastern Serbia as hindrance to economic development. Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA., 2016, 66(1), 61–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bubalo Živković, M., & Djerčan, B. (2014). Demographic changes in the Kingdom of SCS and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In Istorija i geografija – susreti i prožimanja (pp. 281–299). Beograd: Institut za noviju istoriju Srbije. ED: Dragon Nikolic.Google Scholar
  3. Coupland, N. (2010). The handbook of language and globalization. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, Ltd.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Djerčan, B., Bubalo Živković, M., Solarević, M., & Šabić, D. (2017). Living on the border: Social indicators of life quality in Srem border region (Vojvodina, Serbia). Geographica Pannonica, 1(1), 26–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Knežević, A. (2013). Historical demographic and ethno-demographic basics for the development of population of Eastern Serbia (pp. 1–84). Doctoral dissertation, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Geography.Google Scholar
  6. Lukić, V. (2011). Demographic problems in the Carpathian region of Serbia. Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA., 2016, 61(2), 85–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Lukić, T., Stojsavljević, R., Đurđev, B., Nađ, I., & Đerčan, B. (2012). Depopulation in the Western Balkan countries. European Journal of Geography, 3(2. Association of European Geographers), 6–23.Google Scholar
  8. Lukić, T., Bubalo Živković, M., Djerčan, B., & Jovanović, G. (2014a). Population growth in the border villages of Srem, Serbia. Acta Geographica Slovenica, 54(1), 51–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Lukić, T., Djurdjev, B., Salih, S., Plavsa, J., Suljic, A., & Stojsavljević, R. (2014b). Turks in Vojvodina (Serbia), in the second half of the 20th century and on the beginning of the 21st century. Scientific Annals of “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iasi – Geography Series, 60(1), 185–199.Google Scholar
  10. Magdalenić, G. (2016). Ageing map of the Balkan peninsula. Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA, 66(1), 75–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Magner, T. F. (1967). Language and nationalism in Yugoslavia. Canadian Slavic Studies, 1(3), 332–347.Google Scholar
  12. Mihajlović, T. (2013). Demografsko starenje starog stanovništva Srbije. Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA., 2016, 61(1), 73–102.Google Scholar
  13. Mihajlović, T. (2014). Vlasi u Republici Srbiji prema rezultatima popisa 2011. godine. Demografija, knjiga XI, 207–222.Google Scholar
  14. Miljković, L. J., Miljković, Đ., Lukić, T., Božić, S., Stojsavljević, R., Bjelajac, D., & Micić, T. (2015). Protected natural areas and geoheritage of Homolje – an overview. 4. Srpski kongres geografa. Knjiga apstrakata, page. 74a.Google Scholar
  15. Population Census 1921 and 1931. (1953). Population of People’s Republic of Serbia from 1834 to 1953. Statistical Office of the People’s Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia.Google Scholar
  16. Population Census 1953. (1955). Religion, Mother tongue and ethnicity. Book 8. Statistical Office of the Federative Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia.Google Scholar
  17. Population Census 2002. (2003). Religion, Mother tongue and ethnicity. Book 3. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia.Google Scholar
  18. Population Census 2011. (2013). Religion, Mother tongue and ethnicity. Book 4. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia.Google Scholar
  19. Stojsavljević, R. (2018). Serbs in colonial settlements in the North Bačka district at the beginning of the 21st century. In Ethnic groups at the beginning of the 21st century (pp. 114–125). University of Science, Faculty of Science, Department of Geography, Tourism and Hotel Management. ED: Lazar Lazic.Google Scholar
  20. Stojsavljević, R., Plavša, J., Bubalo Živković, M., Lukić, T., Đerčan, B., Garača, V., & Tomić, N. (2013). Etnographic characteristics of Serbian orthodox peasants at the beginning of the 20th century from Vrlica region, North Dalmatia, Croatia. European Research, 39(1–2. Socci. Russia), 118–127.Google Scholar
  21. Vulević, A., & Knežević, A. (2017). Demographic response to accessibility improvement in depopulation cross borders regions: The case of euroregion Danube 21 in Serbia. Collection of Papers – Faculty of Geography at the University of Belgrade, 65(1), 167–191.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rastislav Stojsavljević
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Dajana Bjelajac
    • 1
  • Bojan Djerčan
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Science, Department of Geography, Tourism and Hotel ManagementUniversity in Novi SadNovi SadSerbia
  2. 2.Faculty of Philosophy, Department of HistoryUniversity in Novi SadNovi SadSerbia

Personalised recommendations