Oral and Maxillofacial Viral Infections

  • Stephen PorterEmail author
  • Jair C. Leão
  • Luiz Alcino Gueiros
Reference work entry


A wide spectrum of viral infections can affect the mouth and allied structures. In most instances, these give rise to short-term local illness (e.g., herpes simplex infections in immunocompetent hosts); however, infections such as Human Immunodeficiency viruses (HIV), Epstein Barr virus (EBV), and the oncogenic types of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) can cause significant orofacial disease that will increase patient morbidity and possibly lead to early death. The present chapter details the viral infections that may commonly affect the oral cavity and/or salivary glands in patients worldwide. The epidemiology of viral infections is ever changing; hence, health care providers are encouraged to maintain knowledge of virally driven infections that may impact upon the health and clinical care of their relevant specialty.


Viral diseases Viral infections Herpesviridae Enterovirus HIV HPV 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen Porter
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jair C. Leão
    • 2
  • Luiz Alcino Gueiros
    • 2
  1. 1.UCL Eastman Dental InstituteUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Oral Medicine Unit, Departamento de Clínica e Odontologia PreventivaUniversidade Federal de PernambucoRecifeBrazil

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