Oral and Maxillofacial Viral Infections
A wide spectrum of viral infections can affect the mouth and allied structures. In most instances, these give rise to short-term local illness (e.g., herpes simplex infections in immunocompetent hosts); however, infections such as Human Immunodeficiency viruses (HIV), Epstein Barr virus (EBV), and the oncogenic types of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) can cause significant orofacial disease that will increase patient morbidity and possibly lead to early death. The present chapter details the viral infections that may commonly affect the oral cavity and/or salivary glands in patients worldwide. The epidemiology of viral infections is ever changing; hence, health care providers are encouraged to maintain knowledge of virally driven infections that may impact upon the health and clinical care of their relevant specialty.
KeywordsViral diseases Viral infections Herpesviridae Enterovirus HIV HPV
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