Advertisement

Technical Description of Static Compensators (STATCOM)

  • Colin DavidsonEmail author
  • Marcio Oliveira
Living reference work entry

Later version available View entry history

Part of the CIGRE Green Books book series (CIGREGB)

Abstract

The static synchronous compensator (STATCOM) is a shunt-connected reactive power compensation device using a self-commutated converter, usually a voltage-sourced converter (VSC). Its name arose from its conceptual similarity to a traditional (rotating) synchronous compensator or condenser. A STATCOM can perform a similar function to an SVC but has better speed of response and better reactive power support capability during AC system voltage dips and is more compact. This chapter describes the main technological aspects of a STATCOM, including the topologies suitable for the converter and architecture of the controls. Two main converter topologies are considered – the type using magnetic combination of multiple six-pulse converter bridges (with thyristors or GTOs) and the modular multilevel converter type of STATCOM which is now becoming common. Descriptions of the other main items of primary equipment, along with layout and performance aspects, are also given.

References

  1. Aho, J., et al: Description and evaluation of 3-level VSC topology based statcom for fast compensation applications. In: 9th IET International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission, London (2010)Google Scholar
  2. Betz, R.E., Summerst, T., Furneyt, T.: Symmetry compensation using a H-Bridge multilevel STATCOM with zero sequence injection. In: Conference Record of 2006 IEEE IAS Annual MeetingGoogle Scholar
  3. CIGRÉ Technical Brochure 144: Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM)Google Scholar
  4. CIGRÉ Technical Brochure 237: Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM) for arc furnace and flicker compensation. Working Group B4.19, Dec 2003Google Scholar
  5. Edwards, C.W., et al.: Advanced static var generator employing GTO thyristors. IEEE Trans. Power Delivery. 3(4), 1622–1627 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Erinmez, I.A. (ed.): Static Var Compensators. Report prepared by Working Group 38-01, Task Force No. 2 on SVC, CIGRÉ 1986Google Scholar
  7. Grund, C.E., Hauer, J.F., Crane, L.P., Carlson, D.L., Wright, S.E.: Square Butte HVDC modulation system field tests. IEEE Trans. Power Delivery. 5(1), 351–357 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gyugyi, L.: Reactive power generation and control by thyristor circuits. IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. IA-15(5), 521–532 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gyugyi, L., et al.: Advanced Static Var Compensator Using Gate Turn-off Thyristors for Utility Applications. CIGRÉ paper 23-203, 1990Google Scholar
  10. Halonen, M., Bostrom, A.: Hybrid STATCOM systems based on multilevel VSC and SVC technology. In: CIGRÉ SC, vol. B4. HVDC and Power Electronics International Colloquium, Agra (2015)Google Scholar
  11. Hirakawa, M., Mino, Y., Murakami, S.: Application of self-commutated inverters to substation reactive power control. CIGRÉ, pp. 23–205 (1996)Google Scholar
  12. Ichikawa, F., et al.: Development of self-commutated SVC for power system. In: IEEE Conference Record of the Power Conversion Conference, Yokohama, 1993, pp. 609–614 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. IEC 61071: Capacitors for power electronicsGoogle Scholar
  14. IEC 61803: Determination of power losses in high-voltage direct current (HVDC) converter stations with line-commutated convertersGoogle Scholar
  15. IEC 62001 (all parts): High-voltage direct current (HVDC) systems—guidance to the specification and design evaluation of AC filtersGoogle Scholar
  16. IEC 62751: Power losses in voltage-sourced converter (VSC) valves for high-voltage direct current (HVDC) systemsGoogle Scholar
  17. IEEE 1676-2010: Guide for control architecture for high power electronics (1MW and greater) used in electric power transmission and distribution systemsGoogle Scholar
  18. Knight, R.C., Young, D.J., Trainer, D.R.: Relocatable GTO-based static Var compensator for NGC substations. CIGRÉ Session 1998, Paper 14-102Google Scholar
  19. Larsen E., et al: Benefits of GTO-Based Compensation Systems for Electric Utility Applications. IEEE, PES Summer Power Meeting, Paper No., 91 SM 397-0 TWRD, 1991Google Scholar
  20. Larsson, T.: Voltage Source Converters for Mitigation of Flicker Caused by Arc Furnaces. Dissertation at School of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology (KTH) at University of Stockholm, ISBN 91-7170-274-1 (1998)Google Scholar
  21. Lesnicar, A., Marquardt, R.: An innovative modular multilevel converter topology suitable for a wide power range. In: Power Tech Conference Proceedings, vol. 3, p.6 (2003)Google Scholar
  22. Mori, S., et al.: Development of large static var generator using self-commutated inverters for improving power system stability. In: PES Winter Power Meeting., Paper No. 92WM165-1. IEEE (1992)Google Scholar
  23. Nakajima, T.: A new control method preventing transformer magnetisation for voltage source self-commutated converters. IEEE Trans. Power Delivery. 11(3), 1522–1528 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Park, R.H.: Two-reaction theory of synchronous machines: Generalised method of analysis – Part 1. Presented at the winter convention of the A.I.E.E. (1929)Google Scholar
  25. Povh, D., Weinhold, M.: Efficient computer simulation of STATCON. In: International Conference on Power System Transients, Lisbon, pp. 397–402 (1995)Google Scholar
  26. Scarfone, A.W.: A ±150MVAr STATCOM for Northeast Utilities’ Glenbrook Substation. IEEE PES 2003 General Meeting, Toronto, pp.15-17 (2003)Google Scholar
  27. Schauder, C.D., Gyugyi, L.: STATCOM for Arc Furnace Compensation. EPRI Workshop, 13—14 July 1995, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  28. Schauder, C.D., Mehta, H.: Vector analysis and control of advanced static var compensators. IEE Proc-C. 140(4), 299–306 (1993)Google Scholar
  29. Schauder, C.D., et al.: Development of a ±100 MVAR static condenser for voltage control of transmission systems. IEEE Trans. Power Delivery. 10(3), 1486–1496 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Schauder, C.D., et al.: TVA STATCON Project: Design, Installation and Commissioning. CIGRÉ paper, pp.14-106 (1996)Google Scholar
  31. Sumi, Y., et al.: New static var control using force-commutated inverters. IEEE Trans. Power Apparatus Syst. PAS-100(9), 4216–4224 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Suzuki, K., et al.: Minimum harmonics of PWM control for a self-commutated SVC. In: IEEE Conference Record of the Power Conversion Conference, Yokohama, pp. 615–620 (1993)Google Scholar
  33. Tiyono, A., Hariyanto, N., Grondona, A., Zhang, H., Srivastava, K., Reza, M.: Implementation of power oscillation damping function in STATCOM controller. In: 4th International Conference on Electrical and Electronic Engineering (ICEEE), Turkey (2017)Google Scholar
  34. Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC): Modeling and Validation Work Group Composite Load Model for Dynamic Simulations. Report 1.0 (2012)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GE’s Grid Solutions BusinessStaffordUK
  2. 2.ABBVästeråsSweden

Personalised recommendations