Environmental Considerations for FACTS Projects

  • Bjarne R. AndersenEmail author
  • Bruno Bisewski
  • Narinder Dhaliwal
  • Mark Reynolds
Living reference work entry

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Part of the CIGRE Green Books book series (CIGREGB)


This chapter of the CIGRE Green Book on FACTS covers environmental considerations that should be considered during the lifetime of a FACTS controller project, i.e., from first considering the option of applying a FACTS controller to the end of its useful life. Many different electrical and other issues need to be considered, and it is necessary to engage with all interested parties at an early stage to ensure that the project can be successful.

The chapter is primarily based on CIGRE Technical Brochures covering a wide range of environmental issues, from which information has been extracted and edited to make the information appropriate to FACTS controllers. The issues described in this chapter are relevant to all types of FACTS controllers, i.e., Static Var Compensators (SVCs), Static Compensators (STATCOMs), Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitors (TCSCs), Unified Power Flow Controllers (UPFC), and their variants.

These guidelines should be useful to readers seeking to understand the environmental issues involved with FACTS controller installations and operation. Given the wide audience and the numerous possible locations for FACTS controllers throughout the world, it is not possible to address every scenario relating to environmental impacts. However, it is hoped that the issues addressed in this chapter will assist planners and developers as they seek to provide cost-effective and environmentally acceptable solutions for transmission of electric energy.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bjarne R. Andersen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bruno Bisewski
    • 2
  • Narinder Dhaliwal
    • 3
  • Mark Reynolds
    • 4
  1. 1.Andersen Power Electronic Solutions Ltd, Bexhill-on-SeaEast SussexUK
  2. 2.RBJ Engineering CorporationWinnipegCanada
  3. 3.TransGrid SolutionsWinnipegCanada
  4. 4.POWER ENGINEERs Inc.New YorkUSA

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