Partnerships for the Goals

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Universal Health Coverage: Healthcare System for Universal Health Coverage Under Partnerships

  • Ai Tashiro
  • Ryo KohsakaEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71067-9_18-1

Synonyms

Definitions

Universal coverage (UC) or universal health coverage (UHC) signifies a healthcare system in which all people have access to the promotive, preventive, curative, rehabilitative, and palliative health services they need. UHC must also be of sufficient quality to ensure its efficacy while also affordable. UHC is about financial protection, but it is also critical to ensuring the quality of healthcare services, which requires the effective coordination of various service providers from the perspectives of their service users (WHO definition).

Definitions of UHC in the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), SDG target 3.8 and SDG indicators 3.8.1 and 3.8.2, are as follows (United Nations):
  • SDG target 3.8: Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential healthcare services, and access to safe, effective, quality, and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all.

  • SDG indicator...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Balabanova D, Mills A, Conteh L, Akkazieva B, Banteyerga H, Dash U et al (2013) Good health at low cost 25 years on: lessons for the future of health systems strengthening. Lancet 381:2118–2133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Boussichas M, Nossek V (2014) Statistical assessment of the SDGs in the LDCs and other vulnerable countries. Development. http://www.ferdi.fr/sites/www.ferdi.fr/files/publication/fichiers/ferdi-_wp114-_eng_web_1.pdf
  3. Bowen KJ, Miller FP, Dany V, Graham S (2015) The relevance of a coproductive capacity framework to climate change adaptation: investigating the health and water sectors in Cambodia. Ecol Soc 20(1):13.  https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-06864-200113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chapman R, Howden-Chapman P, Capon A, (2016) Understanding the systemic nature of cities to improve health and climate change mitigation. Environment International 94:380–387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Frenz P, Vega J. Universal health coverage with equity: what we know, don’t know and need to know. Proceedings of the First Global Symposium on Health Systems Research: Science to accelerate universal health coverage. Montreux, Switzerland; 2010Google Scholar
  6. Fukuda T (2016) Visions for integration of community-based health care and long-term care. J Natl Inst Public Health 65(2):103–165. https://www.niph.go.jp/journal/data/65-2/j65-2.html. Accessed 23 June 2018
  7. Hosseinpoor AR, Bergen N, Koller T, Prasad A, Schlotheuber A, Valentine N, Lynch J, Vega J, (2014) Equity-oriented monitoring in the context of universal health coverage. PLoS Medicine 11(9):e1001727CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hosseinpoor AR, Bergen N, Schlotheuber A, Victora C, Boerma T, Barros AJD, Data Resource (2016) Profile: WHO health equity monitor (HEM). Int J Epidemiol 45(5):1404–1405. https://academic.oup.com/ije/article/45/5/1404/2450924/Data-Resource-Profile-WHO-Health-Equity-Monitor. Accessed 23 June 2018
  9. Kieny MP, Bekedam H, Dovlo D, Fitzgerald J, Habicht J, Harrison G et al (2017) Strengthening health systems for universal health coverage and sustainable development. Bull World Health Organ 95(7):537–539CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Limwattananon S, Tangcharoensathien V, Tisayaticom K, Boonyapaisarncharoen T, Prakongsai P (2012) Why has the universal coverage scheme in Thailand achieved a pro-poor public subsidy for health care? BMC Public Health 12(SUPPL. 1):S6.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-S1-S6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Maeda A, Araujo E, Cashin C, Harris J, Ikegami N, Reich M (2014) Universal health coverage for inclusive and sustainable development, A synthesis of 11 country case studies. World Bank, Washington, DC. Retrieved from http://site.ebrary.com/lib/egerton/docDetail.action?docID=10888097CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Neal S, Channon A, Carter S, Falkingham J (2015) Is equitable coverage of maternal health services for the poorest a feasible policy goal in post 2015? In: PowerPoint presentation at the Prince Mahidol Award conference Parallel Session 1.6, 29 Jan 2015Google Scholar
  13. Reich MR, Harris J, Ikegami N, Maeda A, Cashin C, Araujo EC et al (2016) Moving towards universal health coverage: lessons from 11 country studies. Lancet 387(10020):811–816.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60002-2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Saw YM, Win KL, Shiao LW, Thandar MM, Amiya RM, Shibanuma A, Tun S, Jimba M (2013) Taking stock of Myanmar’s progress toward the health-related millennium development goals: current roadblocks, paths ahead. Int J Equity Health 12:78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Tandon A, Cashin C (2010) Assessing public expenditure on health from a fiscal space perspective, World Bank HNP discussion paper 2010. World Bank, Washington, DC, p 2010Google Scholar
  16. Taneda K (2017) Integrated people-centred health services for healthcare quality and patient safety to contribute to UHC under SDGs, 380. J Natl Inst Public Health 66(4):380–386Google Scholar
  17. Tangcharoensathien V, Mills A, Palu T (2015) Accelerating health equity: the key role of universal health coverage in the sustainable development goals. BMC Med 13(1):1–5.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-015-0342-3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Thomson S, Cylus J, Evetovits T (2017) How you measure matters: monitoring financial protection to generate policy-relevant evidence for universal health coverage – lessons from Europe. Organized session 9 July 2017. In: IHEA 12th World Congress in Health Economics, 8–11 July 2017, BostonGoogle Scholar
  19. Tilton E, Thomas D (2011) Core functions of primary health care: a framework for the northern territory, (October), 1–75. Retrieved from https://www.lowitja.org.au/sites/default/files/docs/Core_PHC_Functions_Framework_Oct_2011.pdf
  20. Tomita N, Watabe A (2017) Global arguments about monitoring the progress of universal health coverage and health financing measures. Spec Issue: Futur Glob Health Based Sustain Dev Goals (SDGs) 66(4):367–372. Retrieved from http://www.niph.go.jp/journal/back_en.htmlGoogle Scholar
  21. Transforming IHP+ (2017) International health partnership for UHC 2030. World Health Organization, Geneva. https://www.internationalhealthpartnership.net/en/about-ihp/transforming-ihp/Google Scholar
  22. Transforming our world (2015) The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015. UN Doc. A/RES/70/1. Para. 26. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org.post2015/transformingourworld. Accessed 23 June 2018
  23. UHC. 2030. https://www.uhc2030.org/. Accessed 23 June 2018
  24. UN. Sustainable Development Goal 3. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg3. Accessed 23 June 2018
  25. Universal Health Coverage Partnership. Why policy dialogue makes it happen: moving jointly towards Universal Health Coverage, http://uhcpartnership.net/about/. Accessed 23 June 2018
  26. Wehrmeister FC, Restrepo-Mendez MC, Franca GV, Victora CG, Barros AJ (2016) Summary indices for monitoring universal coverage in maternal and child health care. Bull World Health Org 94(12):903–912CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. World Health Organization (2015) WHO global strategy on people-centred and integrated health services. World Health Organisation. http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/180984/1/. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/servicedeliverysafety/areas/people-centred-care/global-strategy/en/
  28. World Health Organization (2017) World health statistics 2017: monitoring health for The SDGs. World Health Organization, Geneva.  https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. World Health Organization (2018) What is universal coverage? http://www.who.int/health_financing/universal_coverage_definition/en/. Accessed 23 June 2018
  30. World Health Organization (WHO) (2010) Health systems Financing: The path to universal coverage. The World Health Report. Geneva: World Health Organization https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/44371/9789241564021_eng.pdf;jsessionid=A3BB6A82708E3C06C1F2D896D0CBF1F8?sequence=1
  31. World Health Organization and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank (2017) Tracking universal health coverage: 2017 global monitoring report. ISBN 978-92-4-151355-5Google Scholar
  32. World Health Organization Media Releases (2015) Global coalition calls for acceleration of access to universal health coverage. 2014. http://www.who.int/universal_health_coverage/en/. Accessed 23 June 2018
  33. Yasuoka J, Saito J, Saw YM, Sunguya BF, Amiya RM, Jimba M (2016) Achieving the millennium development goals: relevance for low-income countries in Asia. In: Tang JL, Yeoh EK (eds) The Routledge handbook of global public health in Asia. Routledge, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  34. Yip W, Hsiao WC (2009) Non-evidence based policy: how effective is China’s new cooperative medical scheme in reducing medical impoverishment? Soc Sci Med 68(2):201–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Environmental StudiesTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of Environmental StudiesNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan

Section editors and affiliations

  • Monica Thiel
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Public Administration and School of Business AdministrationUniversity of International Business and Economics & China University of PetroleumBeijingChina