Climate Action

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Ulisses Azeiteiro, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Urban Form and Function

  • Jelena ŽivkovićEmail author
Living reference work entry



The term “urban form” is used to describe a city’s physical characteristics. It refers to the size, shape, and configuration of an urban area or its parts. How it will be understood, structured, or analyzed depends on scale. Characteristics of the urban form range from, at a very localized scale, features such as building materials, facades, and fenestration to, at a broader scale, housing type, street type, and their spatial arrangement or layout. The concept of urban form encompasses also nonphysical aspects such as density.

Urban function can be conceptualized as function of city in relation to the society, hinterland, or other settlements; as activities taking place inside of cities; or as a relation between urban (social) needs and urban (spatial) forms.Urban functions are generator that shape...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Belgrade - Faculty of ArchitectureBelgradeSerbia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Dragan Nonic
    • 1
  1. 1.Chair of Forestry Economics and OrganisationUniversity of Belgrade - Faculty of ForestryBelgradeSerbia