Climate Action

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Forest-Based Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Measures

  • Mirjana StanišićEmail author
  • Nenad Ranković
Living reference work entry


Mitigation (of climate change) is “a human intervention to reduce the sources or enhance the sinks of greenhouse gases” (IPCC 2014).

Adaptation (to climate change) is “the process of adjustment to actual or expected climate and its effects. In human systems, adaptation seeks to moderate or avoid harm or exploit beneficial opportunities. In some natural systems, human intervention may facilitate adjustment to expected climate and its effects” (IPCC 2014).

Forest-based measures refer to individual interventions or packages of related measures with an aim to promote forestry policy, contributing to the forestry strategy and goals (adapted from Lim and Spanger-Siegfried 2004).

Climate change adaptation and mitigation measures refer to individual interventions or packages of related measures which aim to anticipate negative effects of climate change, minimizing and/or preventing possible damages of the climate change.


The climate change present a global challenge to...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of ForestryUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Dragan Nonic
    • 1
  1. 1.Chair of Forestry Economics and OrganisationUniversity of Belgrade - Faculty of ForestryBelgradeSerbia