Sustainable Cities and Communities

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Informal Settlement Upgrading Strategies: The Zimbabwean Experience

  • Abraham R. MatamandaEmail author
  • Shamiso H. Mafuku
  • Fortune Mangara
Living reference work entry


Informal settlements are residential areas where housing units are constructed on land to which the occupants have no legal claim or which they occupy illegally and unplanned settlements and areas where housing does not comply with statutory plans and building regulations (unauthorized housing) and is often situated in geographically and environmentally hazardous areas (UN-Habitat 2003). In addition, informal settlements can be a form of real estate speculation for all income levels of urban residents, affluent and poor.

Slums are the most deprived and excluded form of informal settlements characterized by poverty and large agglomerations of dilapidated housing often located in the most hazardous urban land (World Bank 2008).

Informal settlement upgrading is a staged process of improvement of quality of life in informal settlements based on incremental provision of services and tenure (NUSP 2017).

Global South as a critical concept has several definitions. One needs to know...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abraham R. Matamanda
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shamiso H. Mafuku
    • 2
  • Fortune Mangara
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Urban and Regional PlanningUniversity of the Free State BloemfonteinSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of Rural and Urban PlanningUniversity of ZimbabweHarareZimbabwe
  3. 3.Department of Urban and Regional PlanningNorth West University PotchefstroomSouth Africa

Section editors and affiliations

  • Samuel Borges Barbosa
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of ViçosaRio ParanaíbaBrazil