Sustainable Cities and Communities

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Transition Town-Communities and Sustainability

  • Maria-Beatrice AndreucciEmail author
  • Svetlana Globa
Living reference work entry



Transition Towns are community-led initiatives aiming at decoupling energy use and economic growth, cutting down the emissions and fossil fuel consumptions associated with globalization.


Cities represent the main engine of global economic growth. To run their activities, cities consume about 75% of global primary energy and emit between 50% and 60% of the world’s total greenhouse gases. Cities, first of all, need to shift from the current unsustainable fossil fuel energy generation toward using renewable energy sources, not only because of alarming resource depletion, but also to curb the negative externalities, such as pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. At the same time, energy consumption must be reduced by changing people’s attitudes and behaviors, while adopting energy saving techniques. Our natural capital, forests, watersheds, and oceans, are impacted by...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Planning, Design, Technology of Architecture“Sapienza” University of RomeRomeItaly
  2. 2.Siberian Federal UniversityKrasnojarskRussia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Elisa Conticelli
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Architecture, School of Engineering and ArchitectureAlma Mater Studiorum – University of BolognaBolognaItaly