Reduced Inequalities

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Amanda Lange Salvia, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Pro-poor Growth Policies for Poverty Alleviation

Living reference work entry


Concept of Poor and Poverty

According to the ADB (Asian Development Bank) definition, poverty is “a deprivation of essential assets and opportunities to which every human is entitled” (Schelzig 2005). The Council of Europe defines poor and/or poverty as “individuals or families whose resources are so small as to exclude them from a minimum acceptable way of life in the Member State in which they live” (EEC 1981). Then it extends the definition as “the poor shall be taken to mean persons, families and groups of persons whose resources (material, cultural and social) are so limited as to exclude them from the minimum acceptable way of life in the Member State in which they live” (EEC 1985). On the other hand, poverty was defined by some scholars as social exclusion. Social exclusion can cause multidimensional disadvantage, multiple deprivation, and exclusion from modern market economies.

Who is poor and the reason why they are poor is complicated. It is because poverty...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Environment and Development (LESTARI)Universiti Kebangsaan MalaysiaBangiMalaysia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Narasimha Reddy Donthi
    • 1
  1. 1.Ex-Member, Textile Exchange Advisory CouncilHyderabadIndia