Decent Work and Economic Growth

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Innovation Systems for Sustainability

  • Sophie UrmetzerEmail author
  • Andreas Pyka
Living reference work entry



An innovation system has been described as:

… “the network of institutions in the public and private sectors whose activities and interactions initiate, import, modify and diffuse new technologies.” (Freeman 1987, p. 1)

... “a system which creates and distributes knowledge, utilizes this knowledge by introducing it into the economy in the form of innovations, diffuses it and transforms it into something valuable, for example, international competitiveness and economic growth.” (Gregersen and Johnson 1997, p. 482)

Sustainability in the context of this entry is:

… “the ability to establish continuance as a means for orienting human actions and life toward the threefold relatedness of human existence to contemporaries, future generations, and nature.” (Becker 2012, p. 14)

Introduction: The Role of Innovation for Sustainable Development

Successful transformations to sustainability and the achievement of the Sustainable...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Innovation EconomicsUniversity of HohenheimStuttgartGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Edurne A. Inigo
    • 1
  1. 1.Business Management & Organization, Social Sciences GroupWageningen University and ResearchWageningenThe Netherlands