Centralized Versus Decentralized Electrification Pathways
- 5 Downloads
Energy access can be broadly defined as the ability to deliver quality energy that is adequate and affordable to make possible the provision of energy services for consumptive and productive uses both at the household and national level. Though there is no single working definition agreed upon at the international level, this definition encompasses the many facets offered by organizations and scholars in the field.
It is estimated that approximately 1.1 billion people worldwide did not have access to electricity in 2017 (IEA 2017). With current scenarios, in 2030, 674 million of the world population will still be living without access to electricity (IEA 2017). The issue is especially dire in sub-Saharan Africa, where the overall electrification rate is only at 38.2% (Blimpo and Cosgrove-Davies 2019). For the 38.2% of the population with electricity access, the average per capita electricity consumption was reported as 317 kWh per year, which was equivalent to...
- African Development Bank Group (ADBG) (2017) The New Deal on Energy for Africa: A transformative partnership to light up and power Africa by 2025. Update on Implementation.Google Scholar
- Aghion P, Hepburn C, Teytelboym A, Zenghelis D (2014) Path dependence, innovation and the economics of climate change. The New Climate EconomyGoogle Scholar
- Alatout S, Schelley C (2010) Rural electrification as a “Bioterritorial” technology redefining space, citizenship, and power during the new deal. Radic Hist Rev (107):127–138 https://doi.org/10.1215/01636545-2009-037
- Bazilian M, Pielke R (2013) Making energy access meaningful. Issues Sci Technol 29(4):74–78Google Scholar
- Bazilian M, Nassbaumer PC, Centurelli R, Detchon R, Gielen D, Ziegler F (2010) Measuring energy access: supporting a global target. Columbia University, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Bercegol R, Monstadt J (2018) The Kenya slum electrification program. Local politics of electricity networks in Kibera. Energy Res Soc Sci 41: 249–258Google Scholar
- Blimpo M, Cosgrove-Davies M (2019) Electricity access in sub-Saharan Africa: uptake, reliability, and complementary factors for economic impact. Africa Development Forum series. Washington, DC: World Bank. https://doi.org/10.1596/978-1-4648-1361-0. License: Creative Commons Attribution CC By 3.0 IGO. This is an adaptation of an original work by The World Bank. Views and opinions expressed in the adaptation are the sole responsibility of the author or authors of the adaptation and are not endorsed by The World Bank.
- Bradbrook A, Gardam J, Cormier M (2015) A human dimension to the energy debate: access to modern energy services. J Energy Nat Res Law 26(4):526–552Google Scholar
- Breedt A (2017) Life and coal: the other way Africa can leapfrog on energy. 468- 224- 77 - https://africanarguments.org/2017/04/27/life-coal-way-africa-can-leapfrog-energy/
- IEA (2014) Africa Energy Outlook 2014. IEA, Paris https://www.iea.org/reports/africa-energy-outlook-2014
- IEA (2017) World Energy Outlook 2017. IEA, Paris https://www.iea.org/reports/world-energy-outlook-2017
- IEA, IRENA, UNSD, WB, WHO (2019). Tracking SDG 7: the energy progress report 2019. Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
- Lovins A (1979) Soft energy paths. Toward a durable peace. Harper, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Practical Action (2017) Poor people’s energy outlookGoogle Scholar
- Sovacool B, Bazilian M, Toman M (2016) Paradigms and poverty in global energy policy: research needs for achieving universal energy access. Environ Res Lett 11 064014 Google Scholar