Saline Agriculture: A Climate Smart Integrated Approach for Climate Change Resilience in Degraded Land Areas

  • Muhammad SaqibEmail author
  • Javaid Akhtar
  • Ghulam Abbas
  • Hafiz Abdul Wahab
Living reference work entry


Soil and water resources of the world are under increasing strain as a result of climate change and increasing population. Climate change has increased land degradation around the world as a result of increased drought, salinity, temperature rise, sodicity, and rising sea level. Plenty of good-quality water is required to reclaim degraded lands; however such water is not available in most of these areas. The extent of the degraded land areas is significant for food and energy production, particularly for the indigenous people of the degraded land areas. Saline agriculture is an integrated approach, using stress-resistant genetic resources to exploit the production potential of the degraded land and water resources. Saline agriculture involves a careful analysis of a degraded land area, including the soil and water analyses, climatic and market conditions, financial power of the farmers, and local culture. A large variety of genetic resources with diverse functions and stress resistance are available and can be exploited considering the site-specific conditions. This chapter discusses in detail the climate-smart integrated approach of saline agriculture with practical examples and a case study showing its potential for environmental sustainability, ecological rehabilitation, and climate change resilience in degraded land areas.


Climate change Food security Land degradation Salinity Saline agriculture 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Saqib
    • 1
    Email author
  • Javaid Akhtar
    • 1
  • Ghulam Abbas
    • 2
  • Hafiz Abdul Wahab
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Soil and Environmental SciencesUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Environmental ScienceCOMSATS University Islamabad, Vehari CampusVehariPakistan

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