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Asphalt Making Potential of Pyrolytic Bitumen from Waste Rubber Tyres: An Adaptive Measure to Climate Change

  • J. G. AkinbomiEmail author
  • S. O. Asifat
  • A. Ajao
  • O. Oladeji
Living reference work entry

Abstract

The aftermath of man’s continuous depletion of the planet’s natural resource, as well as his inappropriate waste disposal, has manifested over time into severe weather and environmental conditions, which could snowball into an epic catastrophe, if not checked. Therefore, the aim of this study is to develop a viable gas-fired pyrolysis process for extracting bitumen from waste rubber tyres. The pyrolysis system was composed of gas-fired furnace, heavy oil condenser, two cyclones for light oil condensation, scrubber for gas cleaning, and gas storage bag. The extracted bitumen was obtained from the pyrolysis of 9 kg of shredded waste rubber tyres. The bitumen was tested for its asphalt-making potential to verify its suitability as a replacement for the petroleum bitumen commonly used in making asphalt. The performance tests on the asphalt concrete indicated values of 3150 N, 2.6 mm, 3.1%, and 77.4% for Marshall stability, flow value, percent air void in the mixture, and voids filled with bitumen, respectively. When compared with the standard specification of the Nigerian asphalt concrete, all the three properties, except Marshall stability, passed the requirement. In general, results from the study indicated that on further quality improvement, waste tyre bitumen could be used as a substitute to petroleum bitumen.

Keywords

Asphalt Resource-conservation Wastes Climate change Pyrolytic bitumen 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. G. Akinbomi
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. O. Asifat
    • 2
  • A. Ajao
    • 3
  • O. Oladeji
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Polymer Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringLagos State UniversityLagosNigeria
  2. 2.Lopek Engineering and Construction LtdLagosNigeria
  3. 3.Amsol Bio CompanyLagosNigeria

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