Quality Education

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Schooling for Working Children

  • Carlos Rafael Rodríguez-SoleraEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69902-8_87-1



Working children (or children in employment) “are those working in any form of market production and certain types of non-market production (principally, the production of goods such as agricultural produce for own use). This group includes children in forms of work in both the formal and informal economy; inside and outside family settings; for pay or profit (in cash or in kind, part-time or full-time); and domestic work outside the child’s own household for an employer (pay or unpaid)” (ILO 2017: 20).


The existence of a population of working children is a social problem that hampers the achievement of the 17 goals set forth in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. According to the United Nations:

Sustainable development implies that eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, combating inequality within and among countries, preserving the planet, creating sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth...

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Investigaciones para el Desarrollo de la Educación (INIDE). Universidad IberoamericanaMexico CityMexico

Section editors and affiliations

  • Umesh Chandra Pandey
    • 1
  1. 1.Indira Gandhi National Open University, Regional CentreBhopalIndia