Encyclopedia of Gerontology and Population Aging

Living Edition
| Editors: Danan Gu, Matthew E. Dupre

Prospective Memory in Older Adults

  • Deirdre M. SheaEmail author
  • Adam J. Woods
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69892-2_712-1

Synonyms

Definition

Prospective memory (PM) refers to the ability to perform a previously planned action or intention at a given time (time-based PM) or after a specific event (event-based PM) (Brandimonte et al. 2014). Examples of this may include remembering to take medication at a certain time every night (i.e., time-based), remembering to make doctors’ appointments (event-based), or remembering to pick something up from the grocery store on your way back from a friend’s house (i.e., event-based). This ability contrasts with retrospective memory ability – the ability to retrieve or recognize previously acquired information (e.g., phone numbers, details of a past event). The difference between retrospective memory and prospective memory could be characterized by the way in which information is retrieved. Retrospective memory is externally prompted, whereas PM relies heavily on...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. American Psychiatric Association (2013) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric PubGoogle Scholar
  2. Ávila-Villanueva M, Rebollo-Vázquez A, Ruiz-Sánchez de León JM, Valentí M, Medina M, Fernández-Blázquez MA (2016) Clinical relevance of specific cognitive complaints in determining mild cognitive impairment from cognitively normal states in a study of healthy elderly controls. Front Aging Neurosci 8:233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bangen KJ, Jak AJ, Schiehser DM, Delano-Wood L, Tuminello E, Han SD et al (2010) Complex activities of daily living vary by mild cognitive impairment subtype. J Int Neuropsychol Soc 16(4):630–639CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Benoit RG, Gilbert SJ, Frith CD, Burgess PW (2011) Rostral prefrontal cortex and the focus of attention in prospective memory. Cereb Cortex 22(8):1876–1886CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brandimonte MA, Einstein GO, McDaniel MA (2014) Prospective memory: theory and applications. Psychology Press, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Clare L, Jones RS (2008) Errorless learning in the rehabilitation of memory impairment: a critical review. Neuropsychol Rev 18(1):1–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cona G, Scarpazza C, Sartori G, Moscovitch M, Bisiacchi PS (2015) Neural bases of prospective memory: a meta-analysis and the “Attention to Delayed Intention”(AtoDI) model. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 52:21–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Craik FIM (1983) On the transfer of information from temporary to permanent memory. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B 302(1110):341–359CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. d’Ydewalle G, Bouckaert D, Brunfaut E (2001) Age-related differences and complexity of ongoing activities in time-and event-based prospective memory. Am J Psychol 114(3):411CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dubois B, Albert ML (2004) Amnestic MCI or prodromal Alzheimer’s disease? Lancet Neurol 3(4):246–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Einstein GO, McDaniel MA (1990) Normal aging and prospective memory. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 16(4):717–726CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Einstein GO, McDaniel MA, Richardson SL, Guynn MJ, Cunfer AR (1995) Aging and prospective memory: examining the influences of self-initiated retrieval processes. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 21(4):996CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Evald L (2015) Prospective memory rehabilitation using smartphones in patients with TBI: what do participants report? Neuropsychol Rehabil 25(2):283–297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fish JE, Manly T, Kopelman MD, Morris RG (2015) Errorless learning of prospective memory tasks: an experimental investigation in people with memory disorders. Neuropsychol Rehabil 25(2):159–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gillette Y, Depompei R (2008) Do PDAs enhance the organization and memory skills of students with cognitive disabilities? Psychol Sch 45(7):665–677CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Groot YC, Wilson BA, Evans J, Watson P (2002) Prospective in people with and without brain injury. J Int Neuropsychol Soc, 8(5):645–654CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kliegel M, Martin M (2003) Prospective memory research: why is it relevant? Int J Psychol 38(4):193–194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kliegel M, Martin M, McDaniel MA, Einstein GO (2002) Complex prospective memory and executive control of working memory: a process model. Psychol Test Assess Model 44(2):303Google Scholar
  19. Mcalister C, Schmitter-Edgecombe M, Lamb R (2016) Examination of variables that may affect the relationship between cognition and functional status in individuals with mild cognitive impairment: a meta-analysis. Arch Clin Neuropsychol 31(2):123–147Google Scholar
  20. McDaniel MA, Einstein GO (2000) Strategic and automatic processes in prospective memory retrieval: a multiprocess framework. Appl Cogn Psychol 14(7):S127–S144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Petersen RC, Smith GE, Waring SC, Ivnik RJ, Tangalos EG, Kokmen E (1999) Mild cognitive impairment: clinical characterization and outcome. Arch Neurol 56(3):303–308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Potvin MJ, Rouleau I, Sénéchal G, Giguère JF (2011) Prospective memory rehabilitation based on visual imagery techniques. Neuropsychol Rehabil 21(6):899–924CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rabin LA, Chi SY, Wang C, Fogel J, Kann SJ, Aronov A (2014) Prospective memory on a novel clinical task in older adults with mild cognitive impairment and subjective cognitive decline. Neuropsychol Rehabil 24(6):868–893CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Radford KA, Lah S, Say MJ, Miller LA (2011) Validation of a new measure of prospective memory: the Royal Prince Alfred Prospective Memory Test. Clin Neuropsychol 25(1):127–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Raskin S, Buckheit CA (2004) Memory for intentions screening test. J Int Neuropsychol Soc 10(Suppl 1):110Google Scholar
  26. Raskin SA, Smith MP, Mills G, Pedro C, Zamroziewicz M (2019) Prospective memory intervention using visual imagery in individuals with brain injury. Neuropsychol Rehabil 29(2):289–304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Schmitter-Edgecombe M, Woo E, Greeley DR (2009) Characterizing multiple memory deficits and their relation to everyday functioning in individuals with mild cognitive impairment. Neuropsychology 23(2):168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Shankar A, McMunn A, Demakakos P, Hamer M, Steptoe A (2017) Social isolation and loneliness: prospective associations with functional status in older adults. Health Psychol 36(2):179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Shum D, Fleming J, Neulinger K (2002) Prospective memory and traumatic brain injury: a review. Brain Impair 3(1):1–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Sin NL, Yaffe K, Whooley MA (2015) Depressive symptoms, cardiovascular disease severity, and functional status in older adults with coronary heart disease: the heart and soul study. J Am Geriatr Soc 63(1):8–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Smith G, Del Sala S, Logie RH, Maylor EA (2000) Prospective and retrospective memory in normal ageing and dementia: a questionnaire study. Memory 8(5):311–321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sohlberg MM, Mateer CA (1987) Effectiveness of an attention-training program. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 9(2):117–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Suh GH, Ju YS, Yeon BK, Shah A (2004) A longitudinal study of Alzheimer’s disease: rates of cognitive and functional decline. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 19(9):817–824CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Tomaszewski Farias S, Schmitter-Edgecombe M, Weakley A, Harvey D, Denny KG, Barba C et al (2018) Compensation strategies in older adults: association with cognition and everyday function. Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Dement 33(3):184–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. van den Berg E, Kant N, Postma A (2012) Remember to buy milk on the way home! A meta-analytic review of prospective memory in mild cognitive impairment and dementia. J Int Neuropsychol Soc 18(4):706–716CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Volle E, Gonen-Yaacovi G, de Lacy Costello A, Gilbert SJ, Burgess PW (2011) The role of rostral prefrontal cortex in prospective memory: a voxel-based lesion study. Neuropsychologia 49(8):2185–2198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wilson B, Cockburn J, Baddeley A (1985) The Rivermead behavioural memory test (RBMT). Thames Valley Test Company, Bury St EdmundsGoogle Scholar
  38. Wilson B, Cockburn J, Baddeley A, Hiorns R (1989) The development and validation of a test battery for detecting and monitoring everyday memory problems. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 11(6):855–870CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Wilson BA, Shiel A, Foley J, Emslie H, Groot Y, Hawkins K, Watson P (2004) Cambridge test of prospective memory. Thames Valley Test Company, Bury St. EdmundsGoogle Scholar
  40. Wong D, Sinclair K, Seabrook E, McKay A, Ponsford J (2017) Smartphones as assistive technology following traumatic brain injury: a preliminary study of what helps and what hinders. Disabil Rehabil 39(23):2387–2394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Yaffe K, Petersen RC, Lindquist K, Kramer J, Miller B (2006) Subtype of mild cognitive impairment and progression to dementia and death. Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 22(4):312–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Cognitive aging and Memory, Department of Aging and Geriatric ResearchMcNight Brain Institute, University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Clinical and Health PsychologyUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Adam J. Woods
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Cognitive aging and Memory, Department of Aging and Geriatric Research, McNight Brain InstituteUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeuroscienceUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA