Encyclopedia of Security and Emergency Management

Living Edition
| Editors: Lauren R. Shapiro, Marie-Helen Maras

Workplace Violence: Assault

  • Duygu Biricik Gulseren
  • E. Kevin KellowayEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69891-5_96-1

Definitions

Workplace assault refers to physically violent acts targeted at people at work or on duty with the intention of hurting them (LeBlanc and Kelloway 2002).

Introduction

For teachers, nurses, police, and many others, “bites, cuts, bruises are part of the job” (“5 most violent workplaces in Nova Scotia” 2014). Although this potential hazard may have been considered for many years as an unpreventable aspect of their employment, employees and their employers are now seeking ways to prevent workplace assaults. This entry aims to define, describe, and explain workplace assault.

Definitions of workplace assault used in different jurisdictions, such as by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), includes threats of violent acts within the domain of workplace assault as well as physical violent acts themselves (Jenkins 1996). Some theorists have also suggested that assault can also be psychological or verbal (e.g., Gillespie et al. 2010); however, this view...

Keywords

Physical assault Workplace violence Homicide Nonfatal workplace assault 
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References

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Future Readings

  1. Jenkins, L. (1996). Violence in the workplace: Risk factors and prevention strategies. US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Safety Research.Google Scholar
  2. Schat, A., Frone, M. R., & Kelloway, E. K. (2006). Prevalence of workplace aggression in the U.S. workforce. In J. J. Hurrell, J. Barling, & E. K. Kelloway (Eds.), Handbook of workplace violence (pp. 47–89). Thousand Oaks: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Wassell, J. T. (2009). Workplace violence intervention effectiveness: A systematic literature review. Safety Science, 47(8), 1049–1055.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Saint Mary’s UniversityHalifaxCanada