Natural Hazards: Tsunamis
A tsunami, or “big wave,” can be triggered by an earthquake, landslide or mudslide (Godschalk 2007; Haddow et al. 2013; Mileti 1999), and volcano explosions. An example of a tsunami generated by landslide is the 1963 Vajont dike tsunami in Italy. The 820 feet high wave was generated by a landslide into the lake which then overtopped the dike. The wave submerged several villages in the valley leaving 1905 people dead. Tsunami can also be triggered by volcanoes. Examples of tsunami generated by volcano can be those generated by the Stromboli, in Italy, in 1919, 1956, and 1930.
Nowadays, the kind (type) of tsunami best known by the general public is the tsunami triggered by earthquake such as the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and the 2011 Japanese Tohoku earthquake/tsunami. Unlike other...
KeywordsVertical evacuation Tsunami Natural hazards Hazard mitigation
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