Encyclopedia of Security and Emergency Management

Living Edition
| Editors: Lauren R. Shapiro, Marie-Helen Maras

Terrorism: International

  • Jared R. Dmello
  • Arie PerligerEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69891-5_251-1


Premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by individuals and/or groups inspired by, or associated with, designated foreign terrorist organizations or nations.


Most terrorist groups that were active before WWII operated in a single country or region. However, with the proliferation of Left-Wing and Religious groups in subsequent decades, a growing number of terrorist organizations started to operate in multiple countries, thus forcing law enforcement and scholars to address and explore terrorism also in an international context. Title 22 of the United States Code, Section 2656(d), defines terrorism as “premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents,” further providing that internationalterrorism is a “terrorism involving citizens or the territory of more than one country.” For example, if the American Sovereign Citizens Movement...


International terrorism Terrorist tactics Militancy Radicalism International relations 
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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Terrorism and Security StudiesUniversity of Massachusetts LowellLowellUSA