Good Health and Well-Being

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Tony Wall, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar

Subjective Well-Being and Leisure

  • H. Parsons
  • S. Houge Mackenzie
  • S. Filep
  • E. BrymerEmail author
Living reference work entry


In this chapter, the authors discuss subjective well-being within the context of the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goals. The United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) encompass the key social, environmental, and economic dimensions that can universally improve peoples’ lives and protect the planet for future generations. Sustainable Development Goal 3 in particular focuses on ensuring health and promoting well-being for all people, at all ages. Statistics on well-being are increasingly measured, in part, through accounts of subjective well-being (SWB). In this chapter, SWB is defined by placing it within the context of overall well-being. The authors examine hedonic and eudaimonic well-being, introduce global measurements of SWB, and discusses both barriers to and facilitators of SWB, focusing particularly on the role of leisure, especially nature-based leisure, as a unique and useful way of developing, maintaining and enhancing SWB.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Parsons
    • 1
  • S. Houge Mackenzie
    • 1
  • S. Filep
    • 1
  • E. Brymer
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of TourismUniversity of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand
  2. 2.Discipline of PsychologyAustralian College of Applied PsychologyBrisbane CityAustralia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Giorgi Pkhakadze
    • 1
  • Monica de Andrade
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Public HealthDAVID TVILDIANI MEDICAL UNIVERSITYTbilisiGeorgia
  2. 2.Depto Oftalmology, Neck and HeadFMRP / USPRibeirão PretoBrasil