Engaging Youth Participation in Making Sustainability Work

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69627-0_130-1


The Sustainable Development Agenda (2030 Agenda) is the United Nation blueprints to assist nations worldwide in economic development, community well-being, and sustainable development (SD) in the future. All the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) cannot be separated as the goals formulated are important opportunities to improve the quality of life and health of all mankind in all ages. However, the long-term effectiveness of these goals depends on the efforts to develop the youth which is in line with the foundation and planning. Awareness, knowledge, and education on environmental well-being should be disclosed to them first. In essence, young people are the pillars and driving force to the success of SDGs.


Conservation involves aspects of care and protection of environmental resources such as water, air, energy, forests, minerals, and others that have been used without letting the endangered resources and also keeping natural resources from being...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Ahmad SNB, Judhi N (2008) Consumer’s perception and purchase intentions towards organic food products: exploring the attitude among Malaysian consumers. Available at http://www.pbfeam2008.bus.qut.edu.au/papers/documents/SitiNorBayaahAhmad_Final.pdf
  2. Ayob W, Abdul Jalil N (2010) Peranan wanita sebagai agen sosialisasi generasi baru (pendidik di kalangan ahli keluarga) berhubung isu-isu alam sekitar. Available at http://repo.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/2740
  3. Boedecker J, Lampe T, Riedmiller M (2013) Modeling effects of intrinsic and extrinsic rewards on the competition between striatal learning systems. Cogn Sci 4:739.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00739CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. De Dominics S, Schiltz PW, Bonaiuto M (2017) Protecting the environment for self-interest reasons: altruism is not only path to sustainability. Front Psychol (8)1065:1–13. Available at https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/7990/3e0e7485fe0540843019ea0dc644aa65ec45.pdf?_ga=2.79459036.973518003.1565320483-2109025430.1565320483. Accessed 15 Aug 2019
  5. Elkington J (1994) Towards the sustainable corporation: win-win-win business strategies for sustainable development. Calif Manag Rev 36(2):90–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Eriksen KG (2013) Why education for sustainable development needs early childhood education: the case of Norway. J Teach Educ Sustain 15(1):107–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. GEM Report (2015) Education increases awareness and concern for the environment. Available at https://gemreportunesco.wordpress.com/2015/12/08/education-increases-awareness-and-concern-for-the-environment/. Accessed 14 Aug 2019
  8. Griskevicius V, Tybur JM, Van den Bergh B (2010) Going green to be seen: status, reputation, and conspicuous conservation. J Pers Soc Psychol 98:392–404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hay R (2005) Becoming eco synchronous, part 1. The root causes of our unsustainable way of life. Sustain Dev 13(5):311–325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hopkins C, McKeown R (1999) Education for sustainable development. Forum Appl Res Pub Policy 14(4):25–28Google Scholar
  11. Karlberg M, Torbjörnsson T, Molin L (2011) Measuring attitudes towards three values that underlie sustainable development. Utbildning & Demokrati 20(1):97–121Google Scholar
  12. Kollmuss A, Agyeman J (2002) Mind the gap: why do people act environmentally and what are the barriers to pro-environmental behaviour? Environ Educ Res 8(3):239–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lane B, Potter S (2007) The adoption of cleaner vehicles in the UK: exploring the consumer attitude-action gap. J Clean Prod 15:1085–1092CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Laurie R, Nonoyama-Tarumi Y, Mckeown R, Hopkins C (2016) Contributions of education for sustainable development (ESD) to quality education: a synthesis of research. Available at https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0973408216661442
  15. Marope PTM, Chakroun B, Holmes KP (2015) Unleashing the potential: transforming technical and vocational education and training (PDF). UNESCO 9(23):25–26. ISBN 978-92-3-100091-1Google Scholar
  16. Naderi I, Van Steenburg E (2018) Me first, then the environment: young Millennials as green consumers. Young Consum 19(3):280–295.  https://doi.org/10.1108/YC-08-2017-00722CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Raabs N (2010) No child in the Norwegian woods? A study on education for sustainable development in Norwegian primary schooling. Available at https://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/10852/32611/Thesis_NKR_DUO.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
  18. Ryan RM, Deci EL (2000) Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. Am Psychol 55:68–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ryder NB (1965) The cohort as a concept in the study of social change. Am Sociol Rev 30:843–861CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Steinhorst J, Klöckner CA, Matthies E (2015) Saving electricity for the money or the environment? Risks of limiting pro-environmental spillover when using monetary framing. J Environ Psychol 43:125–135.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp. 2015.05.012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Tuula A (2003) Knowledge of environmental issues. Where pupils acquire information and how it affects their attitudes, opinions, and laboratory behaviour. JYVÄSKYLÄ Studies in Education, Psychology and Social Research 221. Available at https://jyx.jyu.fi/bitstream/handle/123456789/13374/9513925269.pdf?sequence=1. Accessed 9 Aug 2019
  22. UNESCO (2004) The quality imperative: Education for all global monitoring report 2005. Paris: UNESCO. Available at http://www.unesco.org/education/gmr_download/en_summary.pdf
  23. UNESCO, UNFCCC (2016) Action for climate empowerment: Guidelines for accelerating solutions through education, training, and public (PDF). 20:16–17. ISBN 978–92–3100-182-6Google Scholar
  24. Wray-Lake L, Flanagan CA, Osgood W (2010) Examining trends in adolescent attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors across three decades. Environ Behav 42(1):61–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Business and ManagementUniversiti Teknologi MARA MelakaAlor GajahMalaysia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Masoud Mozafari

There are no affiliations available