Zero Hunger

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| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Urbanization for the Promotion of Sustainable Development

  • Samara da Silva NeivaEmail author
  • André Borchardt Deggau
  • José Baltazar Salgueirinho Osório de Andrade Guerra
Living reference work entry



Urbanization is a process that occurs in response to the growth and development of the municipality, being an economic and demographic product that has the possibility of transforming the rural to urban lifestyle and through the transformation of urban infrastructure. Urbanization is rampant energy changes, such as energy changes, water crises, heat waves and contribution to climate change, and so on from a plan of action that can be a good quality of life for the population, in addition to promote sustainable development (Bharath et al. 2018).


The rapid population growth has created various changes in urban centers in the last 300 years (Yang et al. 2017). In 1800, only 2% of the world population lived in urban centers (Zhang 2016), while in 2016, around half of the world population lived in cities and estimates show that by 2050, around two-thirds of the world population will dwell in urban centers (Bai...

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This study was conducted by the Centre for Sustainable Development (Greens) (Greens), from the University of Southern Santa Catarina (Unisul), in the context of the project BRIDGE – Building Resilience in a Dynamic Global Economy: Complexity across scales in the Brazilian Food-Water-Energy Nexus – funded by the Newton Fund, Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa e Inovação do Estado de Santa Catarina, Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível superior (CAPES), National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), and the Research Councils United Kingdom (RCUK).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samara da Silva Neiva
    • 1
    Email author
  • André Borchardt Deggau
    • 1
  • José Baltazar Salgueirinho Osório de Andrade Guerra
    • 1
  1. 1.Center of Sustainable Development/Research Centre on Energy Efficiency and Sustainability (Greens)University of Southern Santa Catarina (UNISUL)FlorianópolisBrazil

Section editors and affiliations

  • Mohammad Sadegh Allahyari
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural ManagementRasht Branch, Islamic Azad UniversityRashtIran