Zero Hunger

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Urban Agriculture: Opportunities and Challenges for Sustainable Development

  • Nicole Josiane KennardEmail author
  • Robert Hugh Bamford
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69626-3_102-1

Synonyms

Definitions

The definition of food security arose from the 1996 World Food Summit and is as follows: “Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life” (FAO 2008). Thus, as from this definition, there are four dimensions of food security that must be met: the physical availability of food, economic and physical access to food, food utilization (pertaining to utilizing the food to meet nutritional needs), and the stability of these three dimensions over time (FAO 2008). The second Sustainable Development Goal from the United Nations (UN), “Zero Hunger,” supports this definition of food security by aiming to end hunger and ensure access to safe, nutritious, and sufficient food for all people year-round by 2030 (UN 2019).

Urban agriculture (UA) can be used as a mechanism to contribute to food...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  2. 2.School of Natural and Environmental SciencesNewcastle UniversityNewcastle upon TyneUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vincent Onguso Oeba
    • 1
  1. 1.African Forest Forum, C/o World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)NairobiKenya