Other Topical Therapies (Dyes, Tanning Agents, Tars, CO2)

  • Claudia Schröder-KraftEmail author
Reference work entry


  • Dyes can be used as antiseptic agents in superinfected dermatoses but their relevance in clinical dermatology is declining. The adjuvant use in occupational eczema maybe helpful.

  • Tanning agents enhance therapeutic options of eczema.

  • Tars and shale oils are useful for therapy of dermatitis especially in order to spare local corticoids and to avoid their side effects.

  • CO2 –enriched water is able to invigorate the skin barrier and can possibly support the prevention and therapy of occupational dermatoses

  • For most of these therapeutic options, no randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies exist and only limited evidence-based findings on their therapeutic effects and modes of action do exist. This is surprising as they are widely used in a number of countries.


Dyes Tanning agents Tars Shale oils CO2 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Interdisciplinary Dermatologic Prevention and Rehabilitation (iDerm) at the University of Osnabrueck and Dermatologic Centre, Trauma HospitalHamburgGermany

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