Different object properties are enhanced by coating: hardness, durability, longevity, elasticity, appearance, corrosion resistance, etc.
Metallic coatings are frequently used. Nickel, chromium, mercury, and antimony have important sensitizing properties.
Plastic and paint coatings have a wide range of applications. Direct or airborne contact with several polymers can induce irritant or allergic skin dermatitis, contact urticaria, mucosal irritation or allergy, scleroderma, etc.
Printed coatings are revolutionizing the printing industry. Allergic dermatitis was described in workers using different dyes.
Other coatings (natural gum, waxes) are mainly present in the food industry and in the drug industry. Some components can induce allergic reactions (arabic gum, beeswax), acne (organochloride compounds), etc.
KeywordsCoatings Aluminium Chromium Gold Nickel Platinum Silver Contact dermatitis Urticaria
- Avnstorp C (1992) Cement eczema – an epidemiological intervention study. Acta Derm Venereol Suppl 179:522Google Scholar
- Ayerza A (1918) Arsenicismo regional endémico (keratodermia y melanodermia combinadas). Bol Acad Nac Med 1:11–24Google Scholar
- Bork K (1993) Stigmas, symptoms and diseases of the skin in musicians. Hautarzt 44(9):574–580Google Scholar
- Bucur G, Bucur L (2006) Profesiuni şi locuri de muncă cu dermatoze profesionale întâlnite şi reactogenii implicaţi. In: Bucur G, Bucur L, Sălăvăstru C, Ţiplică GS (eds) Dermatoze profesionale. Niculescu, Bucharest, pp 367–410Google Scholar
- Council Directive 98/24/EC of 7 April 1998 on the protection of the health and safety of workers from the risks related to chemical agents at work (fourteenth individual irective within the meaning of Article 16(1) of Directive 89/391/EEC), p 1Google Scholar
- Cronin E (ed) (1980) Contact dermatitis. Churchill Livingstone, Londra, p 292Google Scholar
- European Parliament and Council Directive No 95/2/EC of 20 February 1995 on food additives other than colours and sweeteners (OJ No L 61, 18. 3. 1995, p 1), p 25, 37, 38, 41, 50Google Scholar
- Huriez C, Martin P et al (1969) Dermites des cimentiers. Ann Dermatol Syph 96:375–381Google Scholar
- Jolanki R, Kanerva L, Estlander T, Tarvainen K (1994) Concomitant sensitization to triglycidyl isocyanurate, diaminodiphenylmethane and 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate from silk-screen printing coatings in the manufacture of circuit boards. Contact Dermatitis 30(1): 12–15CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Merget R, Fartasch M, Sander I, Van Kampen V, Raulf M, Brüning T (2015) Eosinophilic airway disease in a patient with a negative skin prick test, but a positive patch test with platinum salts – implications for medical surveillance. Am J Ind Med 58(9):1008–1011PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Nanetti P (2006) Coatings from A to Z. Vincentz, HannoverGoogle Scholar
- Pirila V, Förström L (1966) Pseudo chromium-sensitivity between cobalt and nickel. Acta Derm Venereol 46:40–47Google Scholar
- Scierski W, Polok A, Namysłowski G, Błazewicz M, Pamuła E, Stodolak E, Nozyński J, Zwirska-Korczala K, Szwarc K, Misiołek M, Czecior E, Turecka L, Lisowska G, Orecka B (2007) Study of selected biomaterials for reconstruction of septal nasal perforation. Otolaryngol Pol 61(5):842–846PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Ţiplica G-S (2006) Dermatoze profesionale produse de agenţi fizici. In: Bucur G, Bucur L, Sălăvăstru C, Ţiplică GS (eds) Dermatoze profesionale. Niculescu, Bucharest, pp 32–70Google Scholar
- Tsai C-Y, Chen Y-F, Chen W-C, Yang F-R, Chen J-H, Lin J-C (2005) Separation of gallium and arsenic in wafer grinding extraction solution using a supported liquid membrane that contains PC88A as a carrier. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 40(2):477–491PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar