Adhesives and Glues
Exposure to adhesives and glues is common in occupation, leisure time, and household activities. There is a constantly growing group of occupational glues in which the adhesive is a polymerization product formed by a complex chemical reaction between the macromolecules.
Phenol-formaldehyde resins have occupational relevance for shoemakers, in car manufacturing, in the wood industries, and in construction industries.
Epoxy resins, used in a wide range of industries, penetrate regular gloves and may cause aerogenic contact dermatitis.
While acrylic adhesives are less sensitizing than epoxy and colophony rosin, acrylates present with cross-reactions among each other, but not between methacrylates and cyanoacrylates.
Colophony rosin is a natural material and also used in many occupational fields.
Glues should be tested epicutaneously either using commercial patch-test substances or as is but only after having completely dried in order to minimize the risk of active sensitization via patch testing.
KeywordsAdhesives Glues Epoxy resins Acrylates Colophony PTBP
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