Adhesives and Glues

  • Judit Lukács
  • Jana Präßler
  • Matthias Gebhardt
  • Peter ElsnerEmail author
Reference work entry


Exposure to adhesives and glues is common in occupation, leisure time, and household activities. There is a constantly growing group of occupational glues in which the adhesive is a polymerization product formed by a complex chemical reaction between the macromolecules.

Phenol-formaldehyde resins have occupational relevance for shoemakers, in car manufacturing, in the wood industries, and in construction industries.

Epoxy resins, used in a wide range of industries, penetrate regular gloves and may cause aerogenic contact dermatitis.

While acrylic adhesives are less sensitizing than epoxy and colophony rosin, acrylates present with cross-reactions among each other, but not between methacrylates and cyanoacrylates.

Colophony rosin is a natural material and also used in many occupational fields.

Glues should be tested epicutaneously either using commercial patch-test substances or as is but only after having completely dried in order to minimize the risk of active sensitization via patch testing.


Adhesives Glues Epoxy resins Acrylates Colophony PTBP 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Judit Lukács
    • 1
  • Jana Präßler
    • 1
  • Matthias Gebhardt
    • 2
  • Peter Elsner
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of DermatologyUniversity Hospital JenaJenaGermany
  2. 2.Dermatology PracticeZwickauGermany

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