Smoking (Including Non-smoking)

  • Richard BransEmail author
Reference work entry


Tobacco smoking is a major health risk factor which may influence the development and course of occupational skin diseases. So far, the results of studies investigating associations between tobacco smoking and the prevalence of hand eczema have been inconsistent, also in occupational settings. However, some studies indicate that hand eczema related to the workplace is more severe and persistent in smokers than in non-smokers. Therefore, smoking cessation may be an important target for prevention and management of hand eczema and should be encouraged.


Hand eczema Occupational skin diseases Work-related Tobacco smoking Foot eczema Contact allergy Smoking cessation Prevention Nickel allergy Lifestyle factor Health risk factor Severity Vesicular eczema Contact dermatitis 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Dermatology, Environmental Medicine and Health TheoryUniversity of OsnabrückOsnabrückGermany
  2. 2.Institute for interdisciplinary Dermatologic Prevention and Rehabilitation (iDerm)University of OsnabrückOsnabrückGermany

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