Advertisement

Masseurs

  • Marléne IsakssonEmail author
Reference work entry

Abstract

Working as a masseur is considered a high-risk occupation for irritant contact dermatitis. Causes of irritant contact dermatitis are wet work, contact with soaps, detergents, disinfectants, irritating components of massage products, and chronic mild trauma due to manual work. Masseurs are exposed to a whole range of potential contact allergens, such as essential oils, carrier oils, preservatives, emulsifiers, and rosin. Olive oil has sensitized masseurs and given occupational allergic contact dermatitis. It should not be used to treat dry skin. Masseurs may also contract fungal infections from clients when massaging infected skin.

Keywords

Masseurs Massage Vegetable oils Mineral oils Olive oil Essential oils Irritant contact dermatitis Allergic contact dermatitis Wet work Preservatives Emulsifiers Rosin PEG-4-rapeseed amide Patch test Fungal infections Detergents 

References

  1. Aalto-Korte K, Kuuliala O, Suuronen K, Alanko K (2008) Occupational contact allergy to formaldehyde and formaldehyde releasers. Contact Dermatitis 59:280–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aberer W (1987) Allergy to colophony acquired backstage. Contact Dermatitis 16:34–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Adişen E, Önder M (2007) Allergic contact dermatitis from Laurus nobilis oil induced by massage. Contact Dermatitis 56:360–361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Beukers SM, Rustemeyer T, Bruynzeel DP (2008) Cheilitis due to olive oil. Contact Dermatitis 59:253–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Blum A, Lischka G (1997) Allergic contact dermatitis from mono-, di-and triethanolamine. Contact Dermatitis 36:166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brandao FM (1986) Occupational allergy to lavender oil. Contact Dermatitis 15:249–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bruze M, Emmet EA (1990) Occupational exposure to irritants. In: Jackson EM, Goldner R (eds) Irritant contact dermatitis. Dekker, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. Camarasa JG, Alomar A (1978) Menthol dermatitis from cigarettes. Contact Dermatitis 4:169–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cockayne SE, Gawkrodger D (1997) Occupational contact dermatitis in an aromatherapist. Contact Dermatitis 37:306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. De Groot AC (1994) Patch testing, 2nd edn. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  11. DeGroot AC, Frosch PJ (1997) Adverse reactions to fragrances. A clinical review. Contact Dermatitis 36:57–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Greenberg LA, Lester D, Haggard HW (1954) Handbook of cosmetic materials. Interscience, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  13. Isaksson M (2002) Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from PEG-4 rapeseed amide in a massage oil. Contact Dermatitis 47:175–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Isaksson M, Bruze M (1999) Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from olive oil in a masseur. J Am Acad Dermatol 41:312–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jung P, Sesztak-Greinecker G, Wantke F et al (2006) Mechanical irritation triggering allergic contact dermatitis from essential oils in a masseur. Contact Dermatitis 54:297–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kränke B, Komericki P, Aberer W (1997) Olive oil-contact sensitizer or irritant? Contact Dermatitis 36:5–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kubo Y, Nonaka S, Yoshida H (1986) Contact sensitivity to unsaponifiable substances in sesame oil. Contact Dermatitis 15:215–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lovell CR (1993) Plants and the skin. Blackwell Scientific Publications, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  19. Lucente P, Cavalli M, Vezzani C et al (1996) Contact cheilitis due to beeswax. Contact Dermatitis:35–258Google Scholar
  20. Malmkvist Padoan S, Pettersson A, Svensson Å (1990) Olive oil as a cause of contact allergy in patients with venous eczema, and occupationally. Contact Dermatitis 23:73–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mendelsohn HV (1946) Lemongrass oil. A primary irritant and sensitizing agent. Arch Dermatol Syphilol 53:94–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Pazzaglia M, Venturo N, Borda G et al (1995) Contact dermatitis due to a massage liniment containing Inula helenium extract. Contact Dermatitis 33:267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rietschel RL, Fowler JF Jr (eds) (1995) Fisher’s contact dermatitis, 4th edn. Baltimore, Williams and WilkinsGoogle Scholar
  24. Scott MJ, Scott MJ Jr (1982) Jojoba oil (Letter). J Am Acad Dermatol 6:545CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Selvaag E, Holm J-O, Thune P (1995) Allergic contact dermatitis in an aroma therapist with multiple sensitizations to essential oils. Contact Dermatitis 33:354–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Uter W, Schnuch A, Geier J et al (2001) Information Network of Departments of Dermatology. Association between occupation and contact allergy to the fragrance mix: a multifactorial analysis of national surveillance data. Occup Environ Med 58:392–398CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Uter W, Schmidt E, Geier J et al (2010) Contact allergy to essential oils: current patch test results (2000–2008) from the Information Network of Departments of Dermatology (IVDK). Contact Dermatitis 63:277–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Weβbecher R, Straube M, Szliska C et al (1998) Anamneseauxilium und gewerbedermatologische Beurteilung bei medizinischen Bademeistern, Masseuren und Physiotherapeuten. Hautarzt 49:912–919CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Weβbecher R, Baur X, Moll I et al (2005) Allergic and irritant skin and airway diseases in masseurs and medical bath attendants. Hautarzt 56:665–671CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Williams JD, Tate BJ (2006) Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from olive oil. Contact Dermatitis 55:251–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wong GA, King CM (2004) Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from olive oil in pizza making. Contact Dermatitis 50:102–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Wrangsjö K, Ros AM, Wahlberg JE (1990) Contact allergy to Compositae plants in patients with summer-exacerbated dermatitis. Contact Dermatitis 22:148–154CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, Department of Clinical Sciences Malmö Lund UniversitySkåne University HospitalMalmöSweden

Personalised recommendations