• F. H. W. JungbauerEmail author
Reference work entry


Houseworkers are exposed to irritants and allergens in their work and are at significant risk for developing contact dermatitis. Housework can be seen as the work involved in housekeeping, such as cleaning, cooking, and laundering. It is the systematic process of making a home neat and clean. Outdoor housecleaning includes removing leaves from rain gutters, washing windows, sweeping doormats, cleaning the pool, putting away lawn furniture, and taking out the trash. However housework is also seen as the activity of caring for family members and for transactional matters. Moreover, housework can be applied more broadly than just in an individual home. Many different tools and substances are used in housework. Housework and home-help services represent 3–10% of paid work and a large proportion of the unpaid activities of human society. Professional houseworkers are exposed to basically the same tools and products as others who perform unpaid housework. The amount of exposure though is larger and the risks for occupational dermatitis mainly enlarged because of the larger amount of exposure.


Housework Risk exposures Allergens Irritants Contact dermatitis 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Klinisch Arbeidsgeneeskundige, stralingsarts, bedrijfsartsopleiderVeAC Verzuim en ArboCare, Werkt!MarumThe Netherlands

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