Construction Workers

  • David Bregnbak
  • Christian AvnstorpEmail author
Reference work entry


Construction workers are in contact with wet cement products in the form of concrete (see  Chap. 48, “Cement”). These workers may develop cement eczema (see  Chap. 48, “Cement”). They are here defined as workers engaged on precast concrete building factories. Such factories are almost the same all over the world, with respect to pouring the concrete into molds and thereafter finishing and repairing.


Cement Chromium Concrete Metals Mortar Potassium dichromate Workers 


  1. Avnstorp C (1989a) Follow-up of workers from the prefabricated concrete industry after the addition of ferrous sulfate to Danish cement. Contact Dermatitis 20:365–371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Avnstorp C (1989b) Prevalence of cement eczema in Denmark before and since addition of ferrous sulfate to Danish cement. Acta Derm Venereol 69:151–155Google Scholar
  3. Avnstorp C (1991) Risk factors for cement eczema. Contact Dermatitis 25:81–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bock M et al (2003) Occupational skin disease in the construction industry. Br J Dermatol 149:1165–1171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Carrie C, Kühl M (1968) Rehabilitation von chronisch Hautkranken. Dermatosen 16:351–352Google Scholar
  6. Coenraads PJ (1983) Prevalence of hand eczema. Association with occupational exposure, especially in construction workers (thesis). University of Groningen, The NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  7. Gaul LE, Underwood GB (1952) Relation of dew point and barometric pressure to chapping of normal skin. J Invest Dermatol 19:9–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Goh CL (1986) Sickness absence due to occupational dermatoses in a prefabrication construction factory. Contact Dermatitis 15:28–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Goh CL, Gan SL, Ngui SJ (1986) Occupational dermatitis in a prefabrication construction factory. Contact Dermatitis 15:235–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Goon ATJ, Goh CL (2005) Metal allergy in Singapore. Contact Dermatitis 52:130–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hjorth N, Avnstorp C (1986) Rehabilitation in hand eczema. Dermatosen 34:74–76Google Scholar
  12. Kanan MW (1972) Cement dermatitis and atmospheric parameters in Kuwait. Br J Dermatol 86:155–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kezic S, Visser MJ, Verberk MM (2009) Individual susceptibility to occupational contact dermatitis. Ind Health 47:469–478CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lim YL, Goon ATJ (2007) Occupational skin diseases in Singapore 2003–20004. Contact Dermatitis 56:157–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lips R, Rast H, Elsner P (1996) Outcome of job change in patients with occupational chromate dermatitis. Contact Dermatitis 34:268–271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Timmerman JG, Heederik D, Spee T, van Rooy FG, Krop EJ, Koppelman GH, Rustemeyer T, Smit LA (2016) Contact dermatitis in the construction industry: the role of filaggrin loss-of-function mutations. Br J Dermatol 174(2):348–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dermatology ClinicRødovreDenmark
  2. 2.Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Herlev-Gentofte University HospitalHellerupDenmark

Personalised recommendations