Butchers and Slaughterhouse Workers

  • Niels K. VeienEmail author
Reference work entry


Occupational skin disease among butchers and slaughterhouse workers is uncommon in spite of massive exposure to irritants and allergens. The main irritants are associated with wet work. Allergens include both delayed-type and immediate-type allergens. Exposure to microorganisms includes bacteria like hemolytic streptococci and Staphylococcus aureus, including methicillin-resistant strains. While human papilloma virus including type 7 has been suspected as a cause of occupationally transmitted warts in butchers and slaughterhouse workers, this suspicion has not been substantiated.


Contact irritants Contact allergens Immediate-type allergy Hemolytic streptococci Staphylococcus aureus Methicillin resistance Human papilloma virus Wet work Gut eczema Thiuram mix 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of AarhusKoldingDenmark

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