Advertisement

Plant Materials for the Synthesis of Nanomaterials: Greener Sources

  • Déborah L. Villaseñor-Basulto
  • Mary-Magdalene Pedavoah
  • Eric R. BandalaEmail author
Reference work entry

Abstract

Nanomaterials (NMs) from a wide variety of sources have been used to degrade pollutants and have been widely reported for several different environmental applications. The conventional chemical processes used to generate NMs may have significant drawbacks, such as defective surface formation, poor production rate, high cost, and high energy requirements. Chemical synthesis procedures usually include the use of toxic chemicals, the generation of hazardous by-products, and the potential release of precursor chemicals into the environment. The search for greener procedures to generate environmentally friendly, nontoxic processes for synthesizing NMs is needed to avoid the environmental impacts of treatment processes as much as possible. Using biologically mediated synthetic protocols to generate NMs has significantly increased over the last few years. These protocols have important advantages, such as: (i) being an eco-friendly method that does not use toxic chemicals, (ii) being lower in cost because they avoid high-pressure and high-energy expenses, and (iii) being able to produce small-sized NMs. Several different biological resources have previously been used to synthesize nanoparticles, including microorganisms (e.g., bacteria, fungi, yeasts, algae, and viruses) and plant extracts. In particular, plant extracts have very interesting characteristics that suggest they are highly cost-effective source for generating NMs. Recent reports suggest that several herb and/or plant constituents possess high levels of antioxidant compounds (i.e., polyphenols, sugars, and amino acids) that can be used as reducing and capping agents for NMs, and their use in synthesizing nanoparticles is suitable for upscaling and generating stable products. Various plant extracts have been used to synthesize different NMs. This work provides an overview of the different methods and plant materials used to synthesize NMs and their possible environmental applications, as well as an analysis of the perspectives and challenges of carrying out this novel methodology.

References

  1. 1.
    Quiroz MA, Sánchez-Salas JL, Reyna S, Bandala ER, Peralta-Hernández JM, Martínez-Huitle CA (2014) Degradation of 1-hydroxy-2,4-dinitrobenzene from aqueous solutions by electrochemical oxidation: role of anodic material. J Hazard Mater 268:6–13.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2013.12.050CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Herlekar M, Barve S, Kumar R (2014) Plant-mediated green synthesis of iron nanoparticles. J Nanoparticles 2014:1–9.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/140614CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Harshiny M, Matheswaran M, Arthanareeswaran G, Kumaran S, Rajasree S (2015) Enhancement of antibacterial properties of silver nanoparticles-ceftriaxone conjugate through Mukia maderaspatana leaf extract mediated synthesis. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 121:135–141.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2015.04.041CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kumar R, Singh N, Pandey SN (2015) Potential of green synthesized zero-valent iron nanoparticles. Int J Environ Sci Technol 12:3943–3950.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-015-0751-zCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wang T, Jin X, Chen Z, Megharaj M, Naidu R (2014) Green synthesis of Fe nanoparticles using eucalyptus leaf extracts for treatment of eutrophic wastewater. Sci Total Environ 466–467: 210–213.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.07.022CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wang Z, Fang C, Mallavarapu M (2015) Characterization of iron-polyphenol complex nanoparticles synthesized by Sage (Salvia officinalis) leaves. Environ Technol Innov 4:92–97.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eti.2015.05.004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Poguberović SS, Krčmar DM, Maletić SP, Kónya Z, Pilipović DDT, Kerkez DV, Rončević SD (2016) Removal of as(III) and Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions using “green” zero-valent iron nanoparticles produced by oak, mulberry and cherry leaf extracts. Ecol Eng 90:42–49.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2016.01.083CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Harshiny M, Iswarya CN, Matheswaran M (2015) Biogenic synthesis of iron nanoparticles using Amaranthus dubius leaf extract as a reducing agent. Powder Technol 286:744–749.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2015.09.021CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Malik P, Shankar R, Malik V, Sharma N, Mukherjee TK (2014) Green chemistry based benign routes for nanoparticle synthesis. J Nanoparticles 2014:1–14.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/302429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Peralta-Videa JR, Huang Y, Parsons JG, Zhao L, Lopez-Moreno L, Hernandez-Viezcas JA, Gardea-Torresdey JL (2016) Plant-based green synthesis of metallic nanoparticles: scientific curiosity or a realistic alternative to chemical synthesis? Nanotechnol Environ Eng 1:4.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s41204-016-0004-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Govindarajan M, Vijayan P, Kadaikunnan S, Alharbi NS, Benelli G (2016) One-pot biogenic fabrication of silver nanocrystals using Quisqualis indica: effectiveness on malaria and Zika virus mosquito vectors, and impact on non-target aquatic organisms. J Photochem Photobiol B Biol 162:646–655.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2016.07.036CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Vinmathi V, Justin Packia Jacob S (2015) A green and facile approach for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles using aqueous extract of Ailanthus excelsa leaves, evaluation of its antibacterial and anticancer efficacy. Bull Mater Sci 38:1–4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ahmed KBA, Senthilnathan R, Megarajan S, Anbazhagan V (2015) Sunlight mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles using redox phytoprotein and their application in catalysis and colorimetric mercury sensing. J Photochem Photobiol B Biol 151:39–45.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2015.07.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Alam MN, Chatterjee A, Das S, Batuta S, Mandal D, Begum NA (2015) Burmese grape fruit juice can trigger the “logic gate”-like colorimetric sensing behavior of ag nanoparticles towards toxic metal ions. RSC Adv 5:23419–23430.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C4RA16984KCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Gonnelli C, Cacioppo F, Giordano C, Capozzoli L, Salvatici MC, Colzi I, del Bubba M, Ancillotti C, Ristori S (2015) Cucurbita pepo l. extracts as a versatile hydrotropic source for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles with different shapes. Green Chem Lett Rev 8:39–47.  https://doi.org/10.1080/17518253.2015.1027288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ghosh S, Jini Chacko M, Harke AN, Gurav SP, Joshi KA, Dhepe A, Kulkarni AS, Shinde VS, Parihar VS, Asok A, Banerjee K, Kamble N, Bellare J, Chopade BA (2016) Barleria prionitis leaf mediated synthesis of silver and gold nanocatalysts. J Nanomed Nanotechnol 7:1–7.  https://doi.org/10.4172/2157-7439.1000394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Dzimitrowicz A, Berent S, Motyka A, Jamroz P, Kurcbach K, Sledz W, Pohl P (2016) Comparison of the characteristics of gold nanoparticles synthesized using aqueous plant extracts and natural plant essential oils of Eucalyptus globulus and Rosmarinus officinalis. Arab J Chem. (in press).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2016.09.007
  18. 18.
    Pinto RJB, Lucas JMF, Morais MP, Santos SAO, Silvestre AJD, Marques PAAP, Freire CSR (2017) Demystifying the morphology and size control on the biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles using Eucalyptus globulus bark extract. Ind Crop Prod 105:83–92.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.05.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Brumbaugh AD, Cohen KA, St. Angelo SK (2014) Ultrasmall copper nanoparticles synthesized with a plant tea reducing agent. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 2:1933–1939.  https://doi.org/10.1021/sc500393tCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Shende S, Ingle AP, Gade A, Rai M (2015) Green synthesis of copper nanoparticles by Citrus medica Linn. (Idilimbu) juice and its antimicrobial activity. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 31:865–873.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11274-015-1840-3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ghosh S, More P, Nitnavare R, Jagtap S, Chippalkatti R, Derle A, Kitture R, Asok A, Kale S, Singh S, Shaikh ML, Ramanamurthy B, Bellare J, Chopade BA (2015) Antidiabetic and antioxidant properties of copper nanoparticles synthesized by medicinal plant Dioscorea bulbifera. J Nanomed Nanotechnol.  https://doi.org/10.4172/2157-7439.S6-007
  22. 22.
    Malaikozhundan B, Vaseeharan B, Vijayakumar S, Pandiselvi K, Kalanjiam MAR, Murugan K, Benelli G (2017) Biological therapeutics of Pongamia Pinnata coated zinc oxide nanoparticles against clinically important pathogenic bacteria, fungi and MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Microb Pathog 104:268–277.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2017.01.029CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Namvar F, Rahman HS, Mohamad R, Baharara J, Mahdavi M, Amini E, Chartrand MS, Yeap SK (2014) Cytotoxic effect of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles synthesized via seaweed aqueous extract. Int J Nanomedicine 9:2479–2488.  https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S59661CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Nethravathi PC, Pavan Kumar MA, Suresh D, Lingaraju K, Rajanaika H, Nagabhushana H, Sharma S (2015) Tinospora cordifolia mediated facile green synthesis of cupric oxide nanoparticles and their photocatalytic, antioxidant and antibacterial properties. Mater Sci Semicond Process 33:81–88.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mssp.2015.01.034CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Surendra TV, Roopan SM (2016) Photocatalytic and antibacterial properties of phytosynthesized CeO2 NPs using Moringa oleifera peel extract. J Photochem Photobiol B Biol 161:122–128.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2016.05.019CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Nagarajan S, Kuppusamy AK (2013) Extracellular synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticle using seaweeds of gulf of Mannar, India. J Nanobiotechnology 11:39.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-3155-11-39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Rajiv P, Rajeshwari S, Venckatesh R (2013) Bio-fabrication of zinc oxide nanoparticles using leaf extract of Parthenium hysterophorus L. and its size-dependent antifungal activity against plant fungal pathogens. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 112:384–387.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2013.04.072CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Hassan SSM, Abdel-Shafy HI, Mansour MSM (2016) Removal of pharmaceutical compounds from urine via chemical coagulation by green synthesized ZnO-nanoparticles followed by microfiltration for safe reuse. Arab J Chem.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2016.04.009
  29. 29.
    Banumathi B, Malaikozhundan B, Vaseeharan B (2016) Invitro acaricidal activity of ethnoveterinary plants and green synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. Vet Parasitol 216:93–100.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2015.12.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Groiss S, Selvaraj R, Varadavenkatesan T, Vinayagam R (2017) Structural characterization, antibacterial and catalytic effect of iron oxide nanoparticles synthesised using the leaf extract of Cynometra ramiflora. J Mol Struct 1128:572–578.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molstruc.2016.09.031CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Lingamdinne LP, Chang YY, Yang JK, Singh J, Choi EH, Shiratani M, Koduru JR, Attri P (2017) Biogenic reductive preparation of magnetic inverse spinel iron oxide nanoparticles for the adsorption removal of heavy metals. Chem Eng J 307:74–84.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2016.08.067CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Ehrampoush MH, Miria M, Salmani MH, Mahvi AH (2015) Cadmium removal from aqueous solution by green synthesis iron oxide nanoparticles with tangerine peel extract. J Environ Heal Sci Eng 13:84.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s40201-015-0237-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Mahdavi M, Namvar F, Ahmad M, Mohamad R (2013) Green biosynthesis and characterization of magnetic iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles using seaweed (Sargassum muticum) aqueous extract. Molecules 18:5954–5964.  https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules18055954CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Zhan G, Huang J, Du M, Abdul-Rauf I, Ma Y, Li Q (2011) Green synthesis of Au-Pd bimetallic nanoparticles: single-step bioreduction method with plant extract. Mater Lett 65:2989–2991.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2011.06.079CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Jacob J, Mukherjee T, Kapoor S (2012) A simple approach for facile synthesis of Ag, anisotropic Au and bimetallic (Ag/Au) nanoparticles using cruciferous vegetable extracts. Mater Sci Eng C 32:1827–1834.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2012.04.072CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Rao KJ, Paria S (2015) Mixed phytochemicals mediated synthesis of multifunctional Ag-Au-Pd nanoparticles for glucose oxidation and antimicrobial applications. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7:14018–14025.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.5b03089CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Soenen SJ, Parak WJ, Rejman J, Manshian B (2015) (Intra)cellular stability of inorganic nanoparticles: effects on cytotoxicity, particle functionality, and biomedical applications. Chem Rev 115:2109–2135.  https://doi.org/10.1021/cr400714jCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Wei L, Lu J, Xu H, Patel A, Chen ZS, Chen G (2015) Silver nanoparticles: synthesis, properties, and therapeutic applications. Drug Discov Today 20:595–601.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drudis.2014.11.014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Cao Y, Long J, Ji Y, Chen G, Shen Y, Gong Y, Li J (2016) Foam cell formation by particulate matter (PM) exposure: a review. Inhal Toxicol 28:583–590.  https://doi.org/10.1080/08958378.2016.1236157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Lappas CM (2015) The immunomodulatory effects of titanium dioxide and silver nanoparticles. Food Chem Toxicol 85:78–83.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2015.05.015CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Magdolenova Z, Collins A, Kumar A, Dhawan A, Stone V, Dusinska M (2014) Mechanisms of genotoxicity. A review of in vitro and in vivo studies with engineered nanoparticles. Nanotoxicology 8:233–278.  https://doi.org/10.3109/17435390.2013.773464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Piperigkou Z, Karamanou K, Engin AB, Gialeli C, Docea AO, Vynios DH, Pavão MSG, Golokhvast KS, Shtilman MI, Argiris A, Shishatskaya E, Tsatsakis AM (2016) Emerging aspects of nanotoxicology in health and disease: from agriculture and food sector to cancer therapeutics. Food Chem Toxicol 91:42–57.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2016.03.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Bano S, Nazir S, Nazir A, Munir S, Mahmood T, Afzal M, Ansari FL, Mazhar K (2016) Microwave-assisted green synthesis of superparamagnetic nanoparticles using fruit peel extracts: surface engineering, T2relaxometry, and photodynamic treatment potential. Int J Nanomedicine 11:3833–3848.  https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S106553CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Park SY, Chae SY, Park JO, Lee KJ, Park G (2016) Gold-conjugated resveratrol nanoparticles attenuate the invasion and MMP-9 and COX-2 expression in breast cancer cells. Oncol Rep 35:3248–3256.  https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2016.4716CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Dhamecha D, Jalalpure S, Jadhav K (2016) Nepenthes Khasiana mediated synthesis of stabilized gold nanoparticles: characterization and biocompatibility studies. J Photochem Photobiol B Biol 154:108–117.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2015.12.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Pistollato F, Giampieri F, Battino M (2015) The use of plant-derived bioactive compounds to target cancer stem cells and modulate tumor microenvironment. Food Chem Toxicol 75:58–70.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2014.11.004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Zhang Y-J, Gan R-Y, Li S, Zhou Y, Li A-N, D-P X, Li H-B (2015) Antioxidant phytochemicals for the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases. Molecules 20:21138–21156.  https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules201219753CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Chen L, Teng H, Xie Z, Cao H, Cheang WS, Skalicka-Woniak K, Georgiev MI, Xiao J (2016) Modifications of dietary flavonoids towards improved bioactivity: an update on structure-activity relationship. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 8398:1–15.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2016.1196334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Tang F, Xie Y, Cao H, Yang H, Chen X, Xiao J (2017) Fetal bovine serum influences the stability and bioactivity of resveratrol analogues: a polyphenol-protein interaction approach. Food Chem 219:321–328.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2016.09.154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Cao H, Jia X, Shi J, Xiao J, Chen X (2016) Non-covalent interaction between dietary stilbenoids and human serum albumin: structure-affinity relationship, and its influence on the stability, free radical scavenging activity and cell uptake of stilbenoids. Food Chem 202:383–388.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2016.02.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Li X-N, Sun J, Shi H, Yu L, Ridge CD, Mazzola EP, Okunji C, Iwu MM, Michel TK, Chen P (2017) Profiling hydroxycinnamic acid glycosides, iridoid glycosides, and phenylethanoid glycosides in baobab fruit pulp (Adansonia digitata). Food Res Int. (in press) 99:755.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2017.06.025CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Santhosh SB, Ragavendran C, Natarajan D (2015) Spectral and HRTEM analyses of Annona muricata leaf extract mediated silver nanoparticles and its Larvicidal efficacy against three mosquito vectors Anopheles stephensi, Culex quinquefasciatus, and Aedes aegypti. J Photochem Photobiol B Biol 153:184–190.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2015.09.018CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Velmurugan P, Sivakumar S, Young-Chae S, Seong-Ho J, Pyoung-In Y, Jeong-Min S, Sung-Chul H (2015) Synthesis and characterization comparison of peanut shell extract silver nanoparticles with commercial silver nanoparticles and their antifungal activity. J Ind Eng Chem 31:51–54.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2015.06.031CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Wilson S, Cholan S, Vishnu U, Sannan M, Jananiya R, Vinodhini S, Manimegalai S, Devi Rajeswari V (2015) In vitro assessment of the efficacy of free-standing silver nanoparticles isolated from Centella asiatica against oxidative stress and its antidiabetic activity. Der Pharm Lett 7:194–205Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Vimala RTV, Sathishkumar G, Sivaramakrishnan S (2015) Optimization of reaction conditions to fabricate nano-silver using Couroupita guianensis Aubl. (leaf & fruit) and its enhanced larvicidal effect. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 135:110–115.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2014.06.009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Hasan M, Iqbal J, Awan U, Saeed Y, Ranran Y, Liang Y, Dai R, Deng Y (2015) Mechanistic study of silver nanoparticle’s synthesis by dragon’s blood resin ethanol extract and antiradiation activity. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 15:1320–1326.  https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2015.9090CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Kumar V, Singh DK, Mohan S, Hasan SH (2016) Photo-induced biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using aqueous extract of Erigeron bonariensis and its catalytic activity against Acridine Orange. J Photochem Photobiol B Biol 155:39–50.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2015.12.011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Vennila M, Prabha N (2015) Plant mediated green synthesis of silver nano particles from the plant extract of Morinda tinctoria and its application in effluent water treatment. Int J ChemTech Res 7:2993–2999Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Kanchana R, Zantye P (2016) Plant-mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles with diverse applications. Asian J Pharm Clin Res 9:124–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Du J, Singh H, Yi TH (2016) Antibacterial, anti-biofilm and anticancer potentials of green synthesized silver nanoparticles using benzoin gum (Styrax benzoin) extract. Bioprocess Biosyst Eng 39:1923–1931.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00449-016-1666-xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Chaudhuri SK, Chandela S, Malodia L (2016) Plant mediated green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Tecomella undulata leaf extract and their characterization. Nano Biomed Eng.  https://doi.org/10.5101/nbe.v8i1.p1-8
  62. 62.
    Govindarajan M, Rajeswary M, Muthukumaran U, Hoti SL, Khater HF, Benelli G (2016) Single-step biosynthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles using Zornia diphylla leaves: a potent eco-friendly tool against malaria and arbovirus vectors. J Photochem Photobiol B Biol 161:482–489.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2016.06.016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Prabhu SN (2015) Green route synthesis of stable isotropic gold nanoparticles using leaf extract of Curcuma longa and their characterization. Adv Appl Sci Res 6:167–179Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Murugan K, Benelli G, Panneerselvam C, Subramaniam J, Jeyalalitha T, Dinesh D, Nicoletti M, Hwang JS, Suresh U, Madhiyazhagan P (2015) Cymbopogon citratus-synthesized gold nanoparticles boost the predation efficiency of copepod Mesocyclops aspericornis against malaria and dengue mosquitoes. Exp Parasitol 153:129–138.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exppara.2015.03.017CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Khan AU, Yuan Q, Wei Y, Khan GM, Khan ZUH, Khan S, Ali F, Tahir K, Ahmad A, Khan FU (2016) Photocatalytic and antibacterial response of biosynthesized gold nanoparticles. J Photochem Photobiol B Biol 162:273–277.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2016.06.055CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Anuradha J, Abbasi T, Abbasi SA (2015) An eco-friendly method of synthesizing gold nanoparticles using an otherwise worthless weed pistia (Pistia stratiotes L.) J Adv Res 6: 711–720.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jare.2014.03.006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Prasad KS, Patra A, Shruthi G, Chandan S (2017) Aqueous extract of Saraca indica leaves in the synthesis of copper oxide nanoparticles: finding a way towards going green. J Nanotechnol 2017:1.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7502610CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Mondal NK, Hajra A (2016) Synthesis of copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) from petal extracts of marigold (Tagetes sp.) and sunflower (Helianthus sp.) and their effective use as a control tool against mosquito vectors. J Mosq Res 6:1–9.  https://doi.org/10.5376/jmr.2016.06.0019CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Vergheese M, Raj JPJ, Vishal K, Mammen AE, Jose R, Joshua JE (2015) Fabrication of copper nanoparticle using Catharanthus roseus by green synthesis and its antibacterial activity. Int J Pharma Bio Sci 6:287–295Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    Kalaiselvi A, Roopan SM, Madhumitha G, Ramalingam C, Elango G (2015) Synthesis and characterization of palladium nanoparticles using Catharanthus roseus leaf extract and its application in the photo-catalytic degradation. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 135:116–119.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2014.07.010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Khan M, Albalawi GH, Shaik MR, Khan M, Adil SF, Kuniyil M, Alkhathan HZ, Al-Warthan A, Siddiqqui MRH (2017) Miswak mediated green synthesized palladium nanoparticles as effective catalysts for the Suzuki coupling reactions in aqueous media. J Saudi Chem Soc 21: 450–457.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jscs.2016.03.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Ismail E, Khenfouch M, Dhlamini M, Dube S, Maaza M (2017) Green palladium and palladium oxide nanoparticles synthesized via Aspalathus linearis natural extract. J Alloys Compd 695: 3632–3638.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.11.390CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Sajadi SM, Nasrollahzadeh M, Maham M (2016) Aqueous extract from seeds of Silybum marianum L. as a green material for preparation of the Cu/Fe3O4 nanoparticles: a magnetically recoverable and reusable catalyst for the reduction of nitroarenes. J Colloid Interface Sci 469:93–98.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2016.02.009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Venkateswarlu S, Natesh Kumar B, Prathima B, Anitha K, Jyothi NVV (2015) A novel green synthesis of Fe3O4-Ag core shell recyclable nanoparticles using Vitis vinifera stem extract and its enhanced antibacterial performance. Phys B Condens Matter 457:30–35.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physb.2014.09.007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Sundarambal M, Muthusamy P, Radha R, Jerad Suresh A (2015) A review on Adansonia digitata Linn. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 4:12–16Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Anu S, Batish DR, Singh HP, Kohli RK (2016) Exploring the radical scavenging activity and antioxidant potential of two underutilized leafy vegetables. J Glob Biosci 5:4507–4514Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Isaiah S, Arun Kumar C, Senthamizh Selvan N (2016) Phytochemical screening, anti-microbial activity and GC-MS analysis of Corchorus tridens L. IJPR 6:353–357Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Mongalo NI, McGaw LJ, Finnie JF, Staden JV (2015) Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen (Polygalaceae): a review of its ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry, pharmacological properties and toxicology. J Ethnopharmacol 165:215–226.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2015.02.041CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Tobwala S, Fan W, Hines CJ, Folk WR, Ercal N (2014) Antioxidant potential of Sutherlandia frutescens and its protective effects against oxidative stress in various cell cultures. BMC Complement Altern Med 14:271.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6882-14-271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    James SA, Omwirhiren REM, Joshua IA, Dutse I (2016) Anti-diabetic properties and phytochemical studies of ethanolic leaf extracts of Murraya koenigii and Telfairia occidentalis on Alloxan-induced diabetic albino rats. Adv Life Sci Technol 49:57–66Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Déborah L. Villaseñor-Basulto
    • 1
  • Mary-Magdalene Pedavoah
    • 2
  • Eric R. Bandala
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Basic and Applied Science and Engineering, Centro Universitario de TonaláUniversidad de GuadalajaraGuadalajaraMéxico
  2. 2.Faculty of Applied Sciences, Department of Applied Chemistry and BiochemistryUniversity for Development StudiesTamaleGhana
  3. 3.Division of Hydrologic SciencesDesert Research InstituteLas VegasUSA

Personalised recommendations