Advertisement

Green Nanomaterials for Clean Environment

  • C. Rajasekhar
  • Suvardhan KanchiEmail author
Reference work entry

Abstract

Current improvements in nanotechnology and nanoscience have also led to the development of novel nanomaterials, which eventually increase possible health and environmental threats. Moreover, many researchers are interested to develop environmentally benign processes for the preparation of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles which has been improved. The main determination is to reduce the destructive influences of synthetic processes, their associated chemicals, and derived complexes. The use of different biomaterials for the preparation of nanoparticles is measured a valuable methodology in green nanotechnology. In addition, a favorable method to reach this objective is to utilize the biological properties in nature through a range of activities. Actually, over the previous decades, algae, plants, bacteria, fungi, and viruses have been used for construction of energy-efficient, low-cost, and nontoxic metallic nanoparticles. The recent interest in nanomaterials is attentive on the manageable properties (shape and size) because the electronic, optical, magnetic, and catalytic properties of metal nanoparticles mainly depend on their sizes and shapes. Such exclusive features of nanostructured materials can be more tailored and plotted to a specific energy and environmental challenge.

References

  1. 1.
    Kato H (2011) In vitro assays: tracking nanoparticles inside cells. Nat Nanotechnol 6:139–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Luechinger NA, Grass RN, Athanassiou EK, Stark WJ (2009) Bottom-up fabrication of metal/metal nanocomposites from nanoparticles of immiscible metals. Chem Mater 22:155–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mohanpuria P, Rana NK, Yadav SK (2008) Biosynthesis of nanoparticles: technological concepts and future applications. J Nanopart Res 10:507–517CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pallas G, Peijnenburg WJ, Guinée JB, Heijungs R, Vijver MG (2018) Green and clean: reviewing the justification of claims for nanomaterials from a sustainability point of view. Sustainability 10:1–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kirthi AV, Iayaseelan C, Rahuman AA (2013) Biosynthesis and characterization of different nanoparticles and its larvicidal activity against human disease vectors. Mar Biomater 273–288,  https://doi.org/10.1201/b14723-15, ISBN:9781466505643.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sarkar A, Ghosh M, Sil PC (2014) Nanotoxicity: oxidative stress mediated toxicity of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 14:730–743CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zou L, Luo Y, Hooper M, Hu E (2006) Removal of VOCs by photocatalysis process using adsorption enhanced TiO2–SiO2 catalyst. Chem Eng Process Process Intensif 45:959–964CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Konstantinou IK, Albanis TA (2004) TiO2-assisted photocatalytic degradation of azo dyes in aqueous solution: kinetic and mechanistic investigations: a review. Appl Catal B 49:1–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Carrillo-Inungaray ML, Trejo-Ramirez JA, Reyes-Munguia A, Carranza-Alvarez C (2018) Use of nanoparticles in the food industry: advances and perspectives. In: Impact of nanoscience in the food industry. A volume in Handbook of Food Bioengineering, pp 419–444, Academic Press, United StatesCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Vig NJ, Kraft ME (2012) Environmental policy: new directions for the twenty-first century. CQ PressGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Holroyd C (2017) Green Japan: environmental technologies, innovation policy, and the pursuit of green growth. University of Toronto Press, TorontoGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Andersen MM, Rasmussen B (2006) Nanotechnology development in Denmark-environmental opportunities and risk. Riso-R report en-1550. Roskilde, DenmarkGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Anastas PT, Kirchhoff MM (2002) Origins, current status, and future challenges of green chemistry. Acc Chem Res 35:686–694CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mulvihill MJ, Beach ES, Zimmerman JB, Anastas PT (2011) Green chemistry and green engineering: a framework for sustainable technology development. Annu Rev Environ Resour 36:271–293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Corma A, Iborra S, Velty A (2007) Chemical routes for the transformation of biomass into chemicals. Chem Rev 107:2411–2502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Regalbuto J (2010) An NSF perspective on next generation hydrocarbon biorefineries. Comput Chem Eng 34:1393–1396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ragauskas AJ, Williams CK, Davison BH, Britovsek G, Cairney J, Eckert CA, Frederick WJ, Hallett JP, Leak DJ, Liotta CL (2006) The path forward for biofuels and biomaterials. Science 311:484–489CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Nath D, Banerjee P, Das B (2014) ‘Green nanomaterial’-how green they are as biotherapeutic tool. J Nanomedicine Biother Discov 4:1–11Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Parashar V, Parashar R, Sharma B, Pandey AC (2009) Parthenium leaf extract mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles: a novel approach towards weed utilization. J Nanomater Biostruct 4:45–50Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Li X, Xu H, Chen ZS, Chen G (2011) Biosynthesis of nanoparticles by microorganisms and their applications. J Nanomater 2011:1–16Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Joerger R, Klaus T, Granqvist CG (2000) Biologically produced silver–carbon composite materials for optically functional thin-film coatings. Adv Mater 12:407–409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Raveendran P, Fu J, Wallen SL (2003) Completely “green” synthesis and stabilization of metal nanoparticles. J Am Chem Soc 125:13940–13941CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Makarov V, Love A, Sinitsyna O, Makarova S, Yaminsky I, Taliansky M, Kalinina N (2014) “Green” nanotechnologies: synthesis of metal nanoparticles using plants. Acta Nat 6:21–28Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Duan H, Wang D, Li Y (2015) Green chemistry for nanoparticle synthesis. Chem Soc Rev 44:5778–5792CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ali I (2012) New generation adsorbents for water treatment. Chem Rev 112:5073–5091CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Hua M, Zhang S, Pan B, Zhang W, Lv L, Zhang Q (2012) Heavy metal removal from water/wastewater by nanosized metal oxides: a review. J Hazard Mater 211:317–331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Theron J, Eugene Cloete T, de Kwaadsteniet M (2010) Current molecular and emerging nanobiotechnology approaches for the detection of microbial pathogens. Crit Rev Microbiol 36:318–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Lewis NS (2007) Toward cost-effective solar energy use. Science 315:798–801CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Hecht DS, Hu L, Irvin G (2011) Emerging transparent electrodes based on thin films of carbon nanotubes, graphene, and metallic nanostructures. Adv Mater 23:1482–1513CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Novoselov KS, Geim AK, Morozov SV, Jiang D, Zhang Y, Dubonos SV, Grigorieva IV, Firsov AA (2004) Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films. Science 306:666–669CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Hagfeldt A, Boschloo G, Sun L, Kloo L, Pettersson H (2010) Dye-sensitized solar cells. Chem Rev 110:6595–6663CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Zhang J, Li CM (2012) Nanoporous metals: fabrication strategies and advanced electrochemical applications in catalysis, sensing and energy systems. Chem Soc Rev 41:7016–7031CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Chen X, Liu L, Peter YY, Mao SS (2011) Increasing solar absorption for photocatalysis with black hydrogenated titanium dioxide nanocrystals. Science 331:746–750CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Züttel A, Sudan P, Mauron P, Kiyobayashi T, Emmenegger C, Schlapbach L (2002) Hydrogen storage in carbon nanostructures. Int J Hydrogen Energy 27:203–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Li Y, Hu Y, Peng S, Lu G, Li S (2009) Synthesis of CdS nanorods by an ethylenediamine assisted hydrothermal method for photocatalytic hydrogen evolution. J Phys Chem 113:9352–9358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Rosi NL, Eckert J, Eddaoudi M, Vodak DT, Kim J, O’keeffe M, Yaghi OM (2003) Hydrogen storage in microporous metal-organic frameworks. Science 300:1127–1129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Zhao X, Sánchez BM, Dobson PJ, Grant PS (2011) The role of nanomaterials in redox-based supercapacitors for next generation energy storage devices. Nanoscale 3:839–855CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Yu C, Zhang L, Shi J, Zhao J, Ga J, Yan D (2008) A simple template-free strategy to synthesize nanoporous manganese and nickel oxides with narrow pore size distribution, and their electrochemical properties. Adv Funct Mater 18:1544–1554CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Saji VS, Kim YS, Kim TH, Cho J, Song HK (2011) One-dimensional (1D) nanostructured and nanocomposited LiFePO4: its perspective advantages for cathode materials of lithium ion batteries. Phys Chem Chem Phys 13:19226–19237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Chen JS, Lou XWD (2013) SnO2-based nanomaterials: synthesis and application in lithium-ion batteries. Small 9:1877–1893CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Ahuja D, Tatsutani M (2009) Sustainable energy for developing countries. SAPI EN. S. Surv Perspect Integr Environ Soc 2:1Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Schmidt K (2007) Green nanotechnology: it’s easier than you think http://eprints.internano.org/id/eprint/68
  43. 43.
    Lee J, Mahendra S, Alvarez PJ (2010) Nanomaterials in the construction industry: a review of their applications and environmental health and safety considerations. ACS 4:3580–3590Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Manso M, Castro-Gomes J (2015) Green wall systems: a review of their characteristics. J Renew Sustain Energy Rev 41:863–871CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    de la Guardia M (2014) The challenges of green nanotechnology. Bioimpacts 4:1–2Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryDurban University of TechnologyDurbanSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations