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Environmental Impact Measurements: Tool and Techniques

  • M. L. DotaniyaEmail author
  • V. D. Meena
  • J. K. Saha
  • S. Rajendiran
  • A. K. Patra
  • C. K. Dotaniya
  • H. M. Meena
  • Kuldeep Kumar
  • B. P. Meena
Reference work entry

Abstract

The ecosystem provides various services such as regulation, support, provisions and culture to living beings on the earth. The productivity of a system is greatly affected by the health of the different components and the level of contamination in it. Increasing industrialization and reduced sources of natural resources for safe use by the growing population leads to poor productivity of ecosystems. Environmental impact assessment is a current need for the sustainable survival of human being on earth. The increasing industrialization and population, as well as mismanagement of natural resources, are creating environmental threats. Nowadays people are more worried about natural calamities and the substantial reduction of environmental quality worldwide. Many techniques are available to assess and determine environmental factor intensity and quality at any given time. Therefore, the use of modern technologies in this field can be a viable option to warn of natural calamities and to save or effectively manage human life and natural resources. Most developing countries today need to execute environmental policy and effective guidelines, and provide the infrastructure, to accurately assess environmental effects on natural resources and the ecosystem’s different biogeochemical cycles. Spreading awareness among people through governments and nongovernmental organizations also has a valuable place in combating the incidence of natural calamities and the deterioration of environmental health.

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors are grateful to Dr. U.S. Meena, Department of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, PSS Central Institute of Vocational Education, Bhopal, India, for providing motivation and incorporating suggestions during the writing of this chapter.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. L. Dotaniya
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. D. Meena
    • 1
  • J. K. Saha
    • 1
  • S. Rajendiran
    • 1
  • A. K. Patra
    • 2
  • C. K. Dotaniya
    • 3
  • H. M. Meena
    • 4
  • Kuldeep Kumar
    • 5
  • B. P. Meena
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Environmental Soil ScienceICAR-Indian Institute of Soil ScienceBhopalIndia
  2. 2.ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil ScienceBhopalIndia
  3. 3.Department of Soil Science and Agricultural ChemistryCollege of Agriculture, SKRAUBikanerIndia
  4. 4.ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research InstituteJodhpurIndia
  5. 5.ICAR Indian Institute of Soil and Water ConservationDehradun, RS KotaIndia

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