Environmental Friendly Textile Processing

  • Aravin Prince PeriyasamyEmail author
  • Samson Rwahwire
  • Yan Zhao
Reference work entry


All over the world, environmental considerations are now becoming vital factors during the selection of consumer goods including textiles. However, due to increased awareness of the nature of polluting textiles effluents, social pressures are increasing on textile processing units. Awareness about ecofriendliness in textiles is one of the important issues in recent years since textiles are used next to skin and called the second skin. Owing to the global consumer demand, research is being carried out in the sphere of new ecofriendly technology. Techniques like plasma, biotechnology, ultrasonic, supercritical carbon dioxide, and laser are quite new for the textile industry. There are no harmful chemicals, wet processes, waste water, and mechanical hazards to textiles involved in these techniques, thus offering many advantages against traditional wet techniques. They also have specific action on all types of fibers and textiles. This chapter gives a summary of the pollution generated from the textile industry and various techniques toward to the environmental friendly processing.


Environmental friendly Pollution Biotechnology Plasma technology SCCO2 Ultrasonic 


  1. 1.
    Periyasamy AP (2013) Non-formaldehyde crease resistance finishing on tencel with poly maleic acid. Int Dye 198:37–39.
  2. 2.
    Periyasamy AP (2016) Effect of PVAmHCl pre-treatment on the properties of modal fabric dyed with reactive dyes: an approach for salt free dyeing. J Text Sci Eng 6(262):1–9. Scholar
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
    Hauser PJ (2000) Reducing pollution and energy requirements in cotton dyeing. Text Chem Color Am Dyest Report 32:44–48Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chequer FMD, de Oliveira GAR, Ferraz ERA et al (2013) Textile dyes: dyeing process and environmental impact. In: Günay M (ed) Eco-friendly text. Dye. Finish, pp 151–176Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Roy Choudhury AK (2013) Green chemistry and the textile industry. Text Prog 45:3–143. Scholar
  7. 7.
    Periyasamy AP, Jiri M (2017) 10 – Denim and consumers’ phase of life cycle. In: Muthu SS (ed) Sustainability in denim. Woodhead Publishing Limited, Kidlington, United Kingdom, pp 257–282. Scholar
  8. 8.
    Periyasamy AP, Wiener J, Militky J (2017) 4 – Life-cycle assessment of denim. In: Muthu SS (ed) Sustainability in denim. Woodhead Publishing Limited, Kidlington, United Kingdom, pp 83–110. Scholar
  9. 9.
    Periyasamy AP, Militky J (2017) 7 – Denim processing and health hazards. In: Muthu SS (ed) Sustainability in denim. Woodhead Publishing Limited, Kidlington, United Kingdom, pp 161–196. Scholar
  10. 10.
    (2014) Breakdown of electricity generation by energy source. 1.
  11. 11.
    Spengler JD, Sexton K (1983) Indoor air pollution: a public health perspective. Science 221:9–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Coppola L, Giunta R, Grassia A et al (1989) Air pollution by gasoline exhaust fumes: effect on platelet function and blood viscosity. Med Lav 80:187–191Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Prockop LD, Chichkova RI (2007) Carbon monoxide intoxication: an updated review. J Neurol Sci 262:122–130. Scholar
  14. 14.
    Cobb N, Etzel RA (1991) Unintentional carbon monoxide-related deaths in the United States, 1979 through 1988. JAMA 266:659–663CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Textiles OE (2010) Volatile organic compounds (VOCs). In: O Eco Text. Accessed 20 Oct 2016
  16. 16.
    Igielska B, Wiglusz R, Sitko E, Nikel G (2003) Release of volatile organic compounds from textile floor coverings in higher temperatures. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 54:329–335Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Challa L (2015) Impact of textiles and clothing industry on environment: approach towards eco-friendly textiles. In: Fiber2fashion. Accessed 20 Oct 2016
  18. 18.
    fiber2fashion (2015) Various pollutants released into environment by textile industry. In: Fiber2fashion. Accessed 20 Oct 2016
  19. 19.
    Khan S, Malik A (2014) Environmental and health effects of textile industry wastewater In: Environmental Deterioration and Human Health: Natural and Anthropogenic Determinants, Malik A, Grohmann E, Akhtar R (eds) . Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands, pp 55–71. Scholar
  20. 20.
    Manu B, Chaudhari S (2002) Anaerobic decolorisation of simulated textile wastewater containing azo dyes. Bioresour Technol 82:225–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Scott A (2015) Cutting out textile pollution. Chem Eng News 93:18–19Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Karthik T, Gopalakrishnan D (2014) Environmental analysis of textile value chain: an overview. In: Roadmap to sustainable textiles and clothing: environmental and social aspects of textiles and clothing supply chain. Muthu SS (ed). Springer Singapore, Singapore, pp 153–188Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ramesh Babu B, Parande AK, Raghu S (2007) Cotton textile processing: waste generation and effluent treatment. J Cotton Sci 11:141–153Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Periyasamy AP, Dhurai B, Thangamani K (2011) A study on fibrillation properties of Lyocell fiber. Colourage 58, 45–48.
  25. 25.
    Zaharia C, Suteu D, Muresan A et al (2009) Textile wastewater treatment by homogenous oxidation with hydrogen peroxide. Environ Eng Manag J 8:1359–1369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Periyasamy AP, Dhurai B, Thangamani K (2011) Salt free dyeing: a new method of dyeing of Lyocell fabrics with reactive dyes. Autex Res J 11:14–17.
  27. 27.
    Shang SM (2013) Process control in dyeing of textiles In: process control in textile manufacturing. Woodhead Publishing Limited,  Kidlington, United Kingdom, pp 300–338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Li Y, Hardin ZR (1997) Enzymatic scouring of cotton: effects on structure and properties. AATCC Rev 29:71–76Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Sae-be P, Sangwatanaroj U, Punnapayak H (2007) Analysis of the products from enzymatic scouring of cotton. Biotechnol J 2:316–325. Scholar
  30. 30.
    Aly AS, Sayed SM, Zahran MK (2010) One-step process for enzymatic desizing and bioscouring of cotton fabrics. J Nat Fibers 7:71–92. Scholar
  31. 31.
    Eren HA, Anis P, Davulcu A (2009) Enzymatic one-bath desizing – bleaching – dyeing process for cotton fabrics. Text Res J 79:1091–1098. Scholar
  32. 32.
    Pereira L, Bastos C, Tzanov T et al (2005) Environmentally friendly bleaching of cotton using laccases. Environ Chem Lett 3:66–69. Scholar
  33. 33.
    Gupta D, Natarajan S (2017) Cleaner process for shrink proofing of wool using ultraviolet radiation and sericin. J Text Inst 108:147–153. Scholar
  34. 34.
    Cardamone JM, Yao J, Nuńez A (2004) Controlling shrinkage in wool fabrics: effective hydrogen peroxide systems. Text Res J 74:887–898. Scholar
  35. 35.
    Gulrajani ML (1992) Degumming of silk. Rev Prog Color Relat Top 22:79–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Singh HB, Bharati KA (2014) Methods of extraction. In: Handbook of natural dyes and pigments. Woodhead Publishing Limited, Delhi, India, pp 9–17Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Patel BH (2011) Natural dyes, In: Handbook of textile and industrial dyeing. Woodhead Publishing Limited, Kidlington, United Kingdom, pp 395–424CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Khatri A, White M (2015) Sustainable dyeing technologies. In: Sustainable apparel. Blackburn R (ed) Woodhead Publishing Limited, Kidlington, United Kingdom, pp 135–160Google Scholar
  39. 39.
  40. 40.
    Thomas H (2007) Plasma modification of wool, R, In: Plasma technologies for textiles. Woodhead Publishing Limited, Kidlington, United Kingdom, pp 228–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Samanta KK, Jassal M, Agrawal AK (2009) Improvement in water and oil absorbency of textile substrate by atmospheric pressure cold plasma treatment. Surf Coat Technol 203:1336–1342. Scholar
  42. 42.
    Panda PK, Jassal M, Agrawal AK (2016) In situ atmospheric pressure plasma treatment of cotton with monocarboxylic acids to impart crease-resistant functionality. Cellulose 23:993–1002. Scholar
  43. 43.
    Panda PK, Rastogi D, Jassal M, Agrawal AK (2012) Effect of atmospheric pressure helium plasma on felting and low temperature dyeing of wool. J Appl Polym Sci 124:4289–4297. Scholar
  44. 44.
    Parida D, Jassal M, Agarwal AK (2012) Functionalization of cotton by in-situ reaction of styrene in atmospheric pressure plasma zone. Plasma Chem Plasma Process 32:1259–1274. Scholar
  45. 45.
    Kan CW, Wong CC (2013) Dyeing behavior of laser-treated polyester. Fibers Polym 14:230–235. Scholar
  46. 46.
    Periyasamy AP (2011) Dyeing of textiles in super critical form. Man-Made Text India 39:167–174,
  47. 47.
    Karthikeyan K, Periyasamy AP (2011) Recent developments in protective textiles. Man-Made Text. India 39, 4–9.
  48. 48.
    Periyasamy AP (2016) Dyeing of poly ethylene terephthalate (PET) manufacturing, dyeing, advanced dyeing, quality control in dyeing industry, 1st edn. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing GmbH & Co. KG, Saarbrücken.
  49. 49.
    Kim SS, Leem SG, Do GH et al (2003) Microwave heat dyeing of polyester fabric. Fibers Polym 4:204–209. Scholar
  50. 50.
    Kale MJ, Bhat NV (2011) Effect of microwave pretreatment on the dyeing behaviour of polyester fabric. Color Technol 127:365–371. Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aravin Prince Periyasamy
    • 1
    Email author
  • Samson Rwahwire
    • 2
  • Yan Zhao
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Materials Engineering, Faculty of Textile Engineering,Technical University of LiberecLiberecCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Textile and Ginning EngineeringBusitema UniversityTororoUganda
  3. 3.College of Textile and Clothing EngineeringSoochow UniversitySuzhouPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations