Recycled Materials and By-Products for Pavement Construction

  • Sherif M. El-BadawyEmail author
  • Alaa R. Gabr
  • Ragaa T. Abd El-Hakim
Reference work entry


Over the last decade, there has been a dramatic increase in the use of recycled materials/by-products as alternative ecomaterials in pavement construction on widely varying estimates. This increase is due to the scarcity and depletion of the natural resources and the need of large material quantities for the construction of pavement layers. Many kinds of recycled materials or by-products are exclusively employed in pavement construction such as reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP), construction and demolition (C&D) waste, waste rocks, glass, steel slag, cement dust, rice husk and straw, wood sawdust, waste plastic bags, crumb rubber, waste engine and cooking oils, and others. Undoubtedly, the use of these recycled materials/by-products in pavement construction has many benefits on the short and long terms. Some of these benefits are minimizing the use of natural resources, saving millions of cubic meters in landfills, reducing carbon dioxide emissions, reducing energy consumption, and constructing sustainable pavements. However, some barriers to adopt such materials in pavement construction still exist worldwide. Such barriers are that lack of clients’ confidence in such materials, lack of specifications and legalization, etc.

This chapter highlights the current status of using recycled materials/by-products in pavement construction worldwide, specifications, and the gained benefits in terms of economic savings, environmental impact, and sustainability. The chapter also outlines the existing barriers and limitations to the prevalence of recycled materials/by-products in pavement construction. Finally, it documents recent approaches and strategies to overcome some of these limitations for successful implementation of such materials in pavement construction.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sherif M. El-Badawy
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alaa R. Gabr
    • 1
  • Ragaa T. Abd El-Hakim
    • 2
  1. 1.Public Works Engineering Department, Faculty of EngineeringMansoura UniversityMansouraEgypt
  2. 2.Public Works Engineering Department, Faculty of EngineeringTanta UniversityTantaEgypt

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