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Biobased and Biodegradable Plastics

  • Deepak VermaEmail author
  • Elena Fortunati
Reference work entry

Abstract

Because of the increasing environmental issues, the world has moved to the greener side, i.e., on zero or low emission side. The same case has been followed in the case of the composites development. Green composite is the main answer to this problem, as the name itself tells that the composite which is fabricated by reinforcing the natural fibers in the polymer matrix, which may be thermoset or thermoplastics. But if we want to make this composite as a fully biodegradable type, then we will have to use polymers derived from the cereals such as starch, Soy, PLA (poly lactic acid). These biopolymers degraded with respect to time so named as biodegradable type. In this chapter, we described a brief introduction of these biopolymers and their mechanical and morphological studies. Some of the applications of these biocomposites have also been described in this chapter.

Keywords

Biopolymer Bio-plastic Green composite material Mechanical properties Morphological studies 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringGraphic Era Hill UniversityDehradunIndia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of PerugiaTerniItaly
  3. 3.Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, Materials Engineering CenterUniversity of PerugiaTerniItaly

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